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TitleNeuroethics, Justice and Autonomy: Public Reason in the Cognitive Enhancement Debate [electronic resource] / by Veljko Dubljević
ImprintCham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer, 2019
Connect tohttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-13643-7
Descript XV, 138 p. 1 illus. online resource

SUMMARY

This book explicitly addresses policy options in a democratic society regarding cognitive enhancement drugs and devices. The book offers an in-depth case by case analysis of existing and emerging cognitive neuroenhancement technologies and canvasses a distinct political neuroethics approach. The author provides an argument on the much debated issue of fairness of cognitive enhancement practices and tackles the tricky issue of how to respect preferences of citizens opposing and those preferring enhancement. The author persuasively argues the necessity of a laws and regulations regarding the use of cognitive enhancers. He also argues that the funds for those who seek cognitive enhancement should be allocated free of charge to the least advantaged. The work argues that the notion of autonomy has been mistakenly associated with the metaphysical concept of free will, and offers a political definition of autonomy to clarify how responsibility is implicitly grounded in the legal and political system. As such, this book is an essential read for everyone interested in neuroethics, and a valuable resource for policy makers, as well as scholars and students in philosophy, law, psychiatry and neuroscience


CONTENT

List of abbreviations -- Acknowledgments -- Abstract -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. The political approach: Beyond utilitarianism and nonpublic reasons – public reason, autonomy and justice in neuroethics -- 1.2. The outcomes: Extension of Rawls' theory of justice in the practical account of public policy on cognitive enhancement -- 1.3. Research questions and the structure of the book -- 2. Conceptual and methodological foundations -- 2.1. Rawls’ political philosophy -- 2.2. Principles of justice as criteria for assessing cognitive enhancement of healthy adults – perspectives and counterarguments -- 2.3. Coercion and compulsion: the political and not metaphysical principle of autonomy in neuroethics -- 3. Psycho-pharmacological cognitive enhancements -- 3.1. Cognition-enhancement drugs: General issues -- 3.2. The case of Ritalin (Methylphenidate) -- 3.3. The case of Adderall (Amphetamine) -- 4. Electro-magnetic enhancements of cognition -- 4.1. Cognition-enhancement devices: General issues -- 4.2. The case of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) -- 4.3. The case of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) -- 5. Analysis of objections -- 5.1. Objections to the general approach -- 5.2. Could there be a convergence between liberals, socialists and conservatives on policy concerning cognitive enhancement? Objections to the idea of public reason -- 5.3. Specific objections to the argument and policy proposals -- 6. Conclusions -- Index


Ethics Neurosciences Economic policy System safety Ethics. http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/product-market-codes/E14000 Neurosciences. http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/product-market-codes/B18006 Economic Policy. http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/product-market-codes/W34010 Quality Control Reliability Safety and Risk. http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/product-market-codes/T22032



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