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TitleUltrasound [electronic resource] : Medical Applications, Biological Effects, and Hazard Potential / edited by Michael H. Repacholi, Martino Grandolfo, Alessandro Rindi
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US, 1987
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Descript 386p. online resource


This volume contains the lectures presented at the International School of Radiation Damage and Protection at the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Sciยญ entific Culture in Erice, Italy, September 6-15, 1985. The sixth course of the School, entitled "Advances in Applications, Biological Effects, and Dosimetry of Ultrasound," provided an in-depth review of all facets of ultraยญ sound interactions and their biological effects on living systems, allowing an assessment of the hazard potential of the various applications of ultraยญ sound. Particular reference was made to possible health risks associated with medical ultrasound exposure since this use is by far the most prevalent. Since the initial application of ultrasound to submarine detection, medical diagnostic and therapeutic applications have become predominant over the past 20 years. The question of safety of this physical agent is an extremely important one. In many industrialized countries most pregnant women receive at least one diagnostic ultrasound examination before the birth of the child. Thus, potential hazards to the fetus are of prime concern. This problem has been aggravated by the fact that the medical diagnostic applications of ultrasound have far outpaced research efforts on biological effects. A further compounding factor of concern to clinicians and scientists has been the use of higher and higher intensities by the manufacturers of ultrasound equipment, particularly higher peak pulse intensities


Historical Overview -- Fundamentals of Acoustic Wave Theory -- Sources and Applications of Ultrasound -- Applications of Ultrasound in Medicine โ{128}{147} Comparison with Other Modalities -- Aspects of NonLinear Acoustics which are Important in Biomedical Ultrasound -- Interaction Mechanisms: Heating -- Biological Effects of Acoustic Cavitation -- Interaction Mechanisms: Non-Thermal, Non-Cavitational Effects.. -- Experimentation in vitro: Ultrasound Studies at the Macromolecular Level -- Experimentation in vitro: Effects of Ultrasound on Cell Suspensions -- Effects on Soft Tissues with Special Reference to the Central Nervous System -- Ocular Effects -- Haematological Effects -- Immunological and Genetic Effects -- Developmental and Teratogenic Effects of Ultrasound -- Exposure to Medical Ultrasound: Studies of Human Effects -- Standards and Recommendations on Ultrasound Exposure -- Protective Measures for Ultrasound Exposure -- Research Priorities in Ultrasound -- Tissue Regeneration -- Effects of Ultrasound on โ{128}{156}Solidโ{128}{157} Mammalian Tissues and Tumors in vivo -- Ultrasound: Synergistic Effects and Application in Cancer Therapy by Hyperthermia -- Recent Advances and Techniques in Therapeutic Ultrasound -- Ultrasonic Tissue Characterization -- Future Trends in Diagnostic Ultrasound -- Panel Discussion on Mechanisms and Biological

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