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TitlePhysics and Mathematics of the Nervous System [electronic resource] : Proceedings of a Summer School organized by the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, and the Institute for Information Sciences, University of Tรผbingen, held at Trieste, August 21-31, 1973 / edited by Michael Conrad, Werner Gรผttinger, Mario Dal Cin
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1974
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-80885-2
Descript XIV, 586 p. 11 illus. online resource

SUMMARY

This volume is the record and product of the Summer School on the Physics and Mathematics of the Nervous System, held at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste from August 21-31, 1973, and jointly organized by the Institute for Information Sciences, University of Tlibingen and by the Centre. The school served to bring biologists, physicists and mathematiยญ cians together to exchange ideas about the nervous system and brain, and also to introduce young scientists to the field. The program, attended by more than a hundred scientists, was interdisciplinary both in character and participation. The primary support for the school was provided by the Volkswagen Foundation of West Germany. We are particularly indebted to Drs. G. Gambke, M. -L Zarnitz, and H. Penschuck of the Foundation for their inยญ terest in and help with the project. The school also received major support from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste and its sponsoring agencies, including the use of its excellent faciliยญ ties. We are deeply indebted to Professor A. Salam for his kind coยญ operation and also to Professor P. Budini, Dr. A. M. Hamende, and to the many members of the Centre staff whose hospitality and efficiency conยญ tributed so much to the success of the school. We are pleased to acknowยญ ledge the generous ĩd and cooperation of the University of Tlibingen and would like to thank its President, A


CONTENT

I Physics and Mathematics in the Biological Context -- Catastrophe Geometry in Physics and Biology -- Some Limitations Affecting Physics and Mathematics as Applied to Biology and Especially to the Nervous System -- II Molecule and Brain -- An Integral Physico-chemical Model for Bioexcitability -- Molecular Information Processing in the Central Nervous System -- Discrete and Continuous Processes in Computers and Brains -- III Cellular and Sensory Biophysics -- Postsynaptic Cell Characteristics Determining Membrane Potential Changes -- Limitations to Single-photon Sensitivity in Vision -- Visual Sensitivity -- Detection of Form and Pattern by Retinal Neurones -- Auditory Processing in the Nervous System -- IV Network Physiology -- Neural Networks and the Brain -- Cerebellar Morphology and Physiology: Introductory Remarks -- Can Neurons Develop Responses to Objects? -- On the Representation of Objects and Their Relations in the Brain -- Report on the Discussion Group on โ{128}{156}Living Neural Netsโ{128}{157} -- V Artificial Intelligence and Natural Behavior -- Complexity of Automata, Brains, and Behavior -- Model Neuron Based on the Josephson Effect -- Adequate Locomotion Strategies for an Abstract Organism in an Abstract Environment - A Relational Approach to Brain Function -- The Artificial Intelligence/Psychology Approach to the Study of the Brain and Nervous System -- VI Molecular and Modifiable Automata -- Cellular Automata -- On Turing Machines with Modifications -- Chemical Automata in Homogeneous and Reaction-Diffusion Kinetics -- Molecular Automata -- Structural and Dynamical Redundancy -- Modifiable Automata with Tolerance: A Model of Learning -- VII The Approach From Information Theory -- Redundancy and Perception -- Sensory Coding and Economy of Nerve Impulses -- An Algorithmic Approach to Information Theory -- Information Theory and Learning in Biology: Summary of the Workgroup Sessions -- VIII Dynamical and Chemical Systems -- Mathematical Models and Bifurcation Theory in Biology -- Biochemical Kinetics -- Geometrical Aspects of the Pseudo Steady State Hypothesis in Enzyme Reactions -- A Synthetic Approach to Exotic Kinetics (With Examples) -- Concluding Remarks


Mathematics Life sciences Physics Mathematics Mathematics general Physics general Biomedicine general Life Sciences general



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