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AuthorHofer, Helmut. author
TitleSymplectic Invariants and Hamiltonian Dynamics [electronic resource] / by Helmut Hofer, Eduard Zehnder
ImprintBasel : Birkhรคuser Basel : Imprint: Birkhรคuser, 1994
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Descript XIII, 346 p. 2 illus. online resource


The discoveries of the past decade have opened new perspectives for the old field of Hamiltonian systems and led to the creation of a new field: symplectic topology. Surprising rigidity phenomena demonstrate that the nature of symplectic mapยญ pings is very different from that of volume preserving mappings which raised new questions, many of them still unanswered. On the other hand, due to the analysis of an old variational principle in classical mechanics, global periodic phenomena in Hamiltonian systems have been established. As it turns out, these seemingly differยญ ent phenomena are mysteriously related. One of the links is a class of symplectic invariants, called symplectic capacities. These invariants are the main theme of this book which grew out of lectures given by the authors at Rutgers University, the RUB Bochum and at the ETH Zurich (1991) and also at the Borel Seminar in Bern 1992. Since the lectures did not require any previous knowledge, only a few and rather elementary topics were selected and proved in detail. Moreover, our seยญ lection has been prompted by a single principle: the action principle of mechanics. The action functional for loops in the phase space, given by 1 Fh) = J pdq -J H(t, 'Y(t)) dt , 'Y 0 differs from the old Hamiltonian principle in the configuration space defined by a Lagrangian. The critical points of F are those loops 'Y which solve the Hamiltonian equations associated with the Hamiltonian H and hence are the periodic orbits


1 Introduction -- 1.1 Symplectic vector spaces -- 1.2 Symplectic diffeomorphisms and Hamiltonian vector fields -- 1.3 Hamiltonian vector fields and symplectic manifolds -- 1.4 Periodic orbits on energy surfaces -- 1.5 Existence of a periodic orbit on a convex energy surface -- 1.6 The problem of symplectic embeddings -- 1.7 Symplectic classification of positive definite quadratic forms -- 1.8 The orbit structure near an equilibrium, Birkhoff normal form -- 2 Symplectic capacities -- 2.1 Definition and application to embeddings -- 2.2 Rigidity of symplectic diffeomorphisms -- 3 Existence of a capacity -- 3.1 Definition of the capacity c0 -- 3.2 The minimax idea -- 3.3 The analytical setting -- 3.4 The existence of a critical point -- 3.5 Examples and illustrations -- 4 Existence of closed characteristics -- 4.1 Periodic solutions on energy surfaces -- 4.2 The characteristic line bundle of a hypersurface -- 4.3 Hypersurfaces of contact type, the Weinstein conjecture -- 4.4 โ{128}{156}Classicalโ{128}{157} Hamiltonian systems -- 4.5 The torus and Hermanโ{128}{153}s Non-Closing Lemma -- 5 Compactly supported symplectic mappings in ?2n -- 5.1 A special metric d for a group D of Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms -- 5.2 The action spectrum of a Hamiltonian map -- 5.3 A โ{128}{156}universalโ{128}{157} variational principle -- 5.4 A continuous section of the action spectrum bundle -- 5.5 An inequality between the displacement energy and the capacity -- 5.6 Comparison of the metric d on D with the C0-metric -- 5.7 Fixed points and geodesics on D -- 6 The Arnold conjecture, Floer homology and symplectic homology -- 6.1 The Arnold conjecture on symplectic fixed points -- 6.2 The model case of the torus -- 6.3 Gradient-like flows on compact spaces -- 6.4 Elliptic methods and symplectic fixed points -- 6.5 Floerโ{128}{153}s appraoch to Morse theory for the action functional -- 6.6 Symplectic homology -- A.2 Action-angle coordinates, the Theorem of Arnold and Jost -- A.4 The Cauchy-Riemann operator on the sphere -- A.5 Elliptic estimates near the boundary and an application -- A.6 The generalized similarity principle -- A.7 The Brouwer degree -- A.8 Continuity property of the Alexander-Spanier cohomology

Mathematics Mathematical analysis Analysis (Mathematics) Differential geometry Manifolds (Mathematics) Complex manifolds Mathematics Differential Geometry Manifolds and Cell Complexes (incl. Diff.Topology) Analysis


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