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AuthorParshall, Cynthia G. author
TitlePractical Considerations in Computer-Based Testing [electronic resource] / by Cynthia G. Parshall, Judith A. Spray, John C. Kalohn, Tim Davey
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer, 2002
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Descript XI, 222 p. 9 illus. online resource


This book introduces computer-based testing, addressing both nontechnical and technical considerations. The material is oriented toward practitioners and graduate students. The practical emphasis will be useful to measurement professionals who are or will be responsible for implementing a computerized testing program. The instructional information is also designed to be suitable for a one-semester graduate course in computerized testing in an educational measurement or quantitative methods program. While certain theoretical concepts are addressed, the focus of the book is on the applied nature of computerized testing. For this reason, the materials include such features as example applications, figures, and plots to illustrate critical points in the discussions. A wide range ofnontechnical issues need to be considered in implementing a computer-based testing program. Separate chapters are provided on test administration and development issues, examinee issues, software issues, and innovative item types. Test administration and delivery issues include the location of exam administration, selection of hardware and software, security considerations, scheduling of administration frequency and time limits, cost implications, and program support as well as approaches for addressing reliability, validity, comparability, and data analysis. Examinee issues include the influence ofexaminees' reactions to adaptive testing, the effect ofcomputerยญ based task constraints, and the impact of examinees' prior computer experience. Software issues include usability studies and software evaluation as tools in selecting and developing appropriate software, based on the test program needs


Considerations in Computer-Based Testing -- Issues in Test Administration and Development -- Examinee Issues -- Software Issues -- Issues in Innovative Item Types -- Test Delivery Methods -- Organization of the Book -- Issues in Test Administration and Development -- Test Administration Issues -- Test Development Issues -- Summary -- References -- Additional Readings -- Examinee Issues -- Overall Reactions -- Reactions to Adaptive Delivery Methods -- Impact of Prior Computer Experience -- Effects of the User Interface -- Effects of Task Constraints -- Effects of the Administrative Process -- Examineesโ{128}{153} Mental Models -- Summary -- References -- Additional Readings -- Software Issues -- User Interfaces -- Usability Studies -- Software Evaluation -- Design of the User Interface -- Web-Based Tests -- Quality Control -- Summary -- References -- Additional Readings -- Issues in Innovative Item Types -- Purpose -- Dimensions of Innovation -- Task Complexity -- Summary -- References -- Additional Readings -- Computerized Fixed Tests -- Overview of the CFT Method -- Test Procedures -- Measurement Characteristics -- Practical Characteristics -- Summary -- An Example of the CFT Method -- References -- Automated Test Assembly for Online Administration -- Overview of the ATA Method -- Test Procedures -- Measurement Characteristics -- Practical Characteristics -- Summary -- An Example of the ATA Method -- 7 Appendix -- References -- Computerized Adaptive Tests -- Overview of the CAT Method -- Test Procedures -- Measurement Characteristics -- Practical Characteristics -- Summary -- An Example of the CAT Method -- References -- Computerized Classification Tests -- Overview of the CCT Method -- Test Procedures -- Measurement Characteristics -- Practical Characteristics -- Summary -- An Example of the CCT Method -- References -- Item Pool Evaluation -- Item Pool Maintenance -- Summary -- References -- Comparison of the Test-Delivery Methods -- Overview -- Summary of Test-Delivery Methods -- Test Procedures -- Measurement Characteristics -- Practical Characteristics -- Other Considerations -- Summary -- References -- Appendix Basics of Item Response Theory -- Item Response Functions -- Item Information and Test Information -- Model Assumptions -- Summary -- References

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