Author | Nievergelt, Yves. author |
---|---|

Title | Foundations of Logic and Mathematics [electronic resource] : Applications to Computer Science and Cryptography / by Yves Nievergelt |

Imprint | Boston, MA : Birkhรคuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhรคuser, 2002 |

Connect to | http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-0125-0 |

Descript | XVI, 415 p. online resource |

SUMMARY

This modem introduction to the foundations of logic, mathematics, and computer science answers frequent questions that mysteriously remain mostly unanswered in other texts: โ{128}ข Why is the truth table for the logical implication so unintuitive? โ{128}ข Why are there no recipes to design proofs? โ{128}ข Where do these numerous mathematical rules come from? โ{128}ข What are the applications of formal logic and abstract mathematics? โ{128}ข What issues in logic, mathematics, and computer science still remain unresolved? Answers to such questions must necessarily present both theory and significant applicaยญ tions, which explains the length of the book. The text first shows how real life provides some guidance for the selection of axioms for the basis of a logical system, for instance, Boolean, classical, intuitionistic, or minimalistic logic. From such axioms, the text then derives deยญ tailed explanations of the elements of modem logic and mathematics: set theory, arithmetic, number theory, combinatorics, probability, and graph theory, with applications to computer science. The motivation for such detail, and for the organization of the material, lies in a continuous thread from logic and mathematics to their uses in everyday life

CONTENT

A Theory -- 0 Boolean Algebraic Logic -- 1 Logic and Deductive Reasoning -- 2 Set Theory -- 3 Induction, Recursion, Arithmetic, Cardinality -- 4 Decidability and Completeness -- B Applications -- 5 Number Theory and Codes -- 6 Ciphers, Combinatorics, and Probabilities -- 7 Graph Theory

Mathematics
Data encryption (Computer science)
Applied mathematics
Engineering mathematics
Mathematical logic
Number theory
Mathematics
Mathematical Logic and Foundations
Data Encryption
Applications of Mathematics
Number Theory