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AuthorKroef, Justus M. van der. author
TitleCommunism in Malaysia and Singapore [electronic resource] : A Contemporary Survey / by Justus M. van der Kroef
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1967
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Descript VIII, 268 p. 1 illus. online resource


Although in the past few years occasional brief monographs on seยญ lected aspects of the Communist movement in some parts of the Singapore-Malaysian area have been published, a comprehensive booklength study has not appeared thus far. The present volume is an initial step in that direction. It is, in the main, a political survey which has taken account of social and economic factors only when the parยญ ticular focus of the book demanded it. Since most of what has been written up till now about Communism in Singapore and Malaysia has concerned itself with the Malayan guerilla insurgency and its various ramifications in the late forties and fifties, the following pages have placed primary emphasis on events in the last five years, especially on the period since the formation of the Federation of Malaysia on Sepยญ tember 16, 1963. The absence, moreover, ofa formal "above ground" Malaysian Communist Party today has of necessity structured this inquiry in terms of the operations of various shifting Communist fronts and their relationship to the problems of the present Singapore and Malaysian political environment upon which they feed. Communism in Malaysia today, as Malaysian security officials whom this writer interviewed, repeatedly emphasized, is a matter of scattered eruptions and comparatively isolated front activity with few if any inter-organizational linkages. Research certainly confirms a picture of a rather fragmented movement. Along with Malaysia's geographic peculiarities this circumstance has dictated a region by region approach in the following pages


I. Communism in its Malaysian Setting -- Historical and Social Background -- Constitutional Contrasts -- The Chinese and Communal Problems -- The Nationalist Movement -- The Rise of Communism -- II. Singapore -- Post-War Communist Policy -- The Question of โ{128}{156}Mergerโ{128}{157} -- The Communist Front Complex -- The Anti-Communist Drive -- New Communist Initiatives -- The Effect of Secession -- III. Malaya -- The Socialist Front and its Allies -- The Border Rebels -- The โ{128}{156}Malayan National Liberation Leagueโ{128}{157} -- The Clash between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur and its Effects -- IV. Sarawak -- The โ{128}{156}Clandestine Communist Organizationโ{128}{157} -- The Sarawak United Peoples Party -- The Chinese Community: its Problems and Aspirations -- The CCO-SUPP Axis -- The Problem of Chinese Education -- The New Communist Offensive and Government Counter-Measures -- The Strains in SUPP and the Pattern of Communal Politics -- The Effect of Singaporeโ{128}{153}s Secession and Continuing Confrontation -- V. Sabah and Brunei -- Communal and Political Patterns in Sabah -- Indonesian Subversion -- Sabahโ{128}{153}s Future -- Brunei and Azahariโ{128}{153}s Rebellion -- Communism in Brunei Today -- VI. Between Djakarta and Peking -- โ{128}{156}Confrontationโ{128}{157}: its Origins and Influence -- The Dynamics of Indonesian Expansionism -- โ{128}{156}Gestapuโ{128}{157} and the Shift to Peking -- VII. Conclusion: A Look Ahead -- Malaysian Communism: Appeals and Obstacles -- The Pattern of Recent Events

Political science Political Science and International Relations Political Science


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