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AuthorLycan, William G. author
TitleModality and Meaning [electronic resource] / by William G. Lycan
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 1994
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Descript XXI, 338 p. online resource


Part I of this book presents a theory of modal metaphysics in the possible-worlds tradition. Ẁorlds' themselves are understood as structured sets of properties; this Èrsatzist' view is defended against its most vigorous competitors, Meinongianism and David Lewis' theory of existent concrete worlds. Related issues of essentialism and linguistic reference are explored. Part II takes up the question of lexical meaning in the context of possible-world semantics. There are skeptical analyses of analyticity and the notion of a logical constant; and an ìnfinite polysemy' thesis is defended. The book will be of particular interest to metaphysicians, possible-world semanticists, philosophers of language, and linguists concerned with lexical semantics


I Modality -- 1. The Trouble with Possible Worlds -- 2. Three Conceptions of Possible Worlds -- 3. Ersatzing for Fun and Profit -- 4. Against Concretism -- 5. Essences -- 6. Fiction and Essence -- 7. The Paradox of Naming Resolved by a Kinder, Gentler Theory of Direct Reference -- 8. Relative Modality -- II Meaning -- 9. Semantic Competence, Funny Functors, and Truth-Conditions -- 10. Logical Constants and the Glory of Truth- Conditional Semantics -- 11. Propositions and Analyticity -- 12. Stipulative Definition and Logical Truth -- 13. Analogy and Lexical Semantics -- Name Index

Philosophy Logic Metaphysics Ontology Language and languages -- Philosophy Semantics Philosophy Ontology Metaphysics Philosophy of Language Semantics Logic


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