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AuthorBocheล{131}ski, J. M. author
TitleThe Methods of Contemporary Thought [electronic resource] : Translated from the German by Peter Caws / by J. M. Bocheล{131}ski
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1965
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Descript 145 p. online resource


Professor Bochenski, as he himself points out in the prologue, is a logician; he is best known in England and the United States for his work in the history of logic, and more recently in Soviet and East European philosophy. But he has taught philosophy for many years - in Rome, in Switzerland, and on a number of visits to the United States - and in this book provides an elementary introduction to contemporary work in the field. As a means to this end he has chosen to deal with four alternative methods employed by philosophers in the twentieth century. Philosophical methodology has not attracted much attention, in Englishยญ speaking circles, as a distinct branch of the discipline of philosophy; the term "methodologist", if used at all, would ordinarily be taken to refer to somebody concerned with scientific rather than philosophical method. When, therefore, Professor Bochenski refers, as he frequently does, to "contemporary methodologists", meaning people who debate the reยญ spective merits of phenomenology and mathematical logic as ways of approaching the world, the phrase has an odd ring. But philosophical methodology really makes a great deal more sense than scientific methodยญ ology. In science methodology is almost superfluous; given all the availยญ able information and a reasonably clear idea of what is wanted, there is usually not much ambiguity as to the means of getting it, or not much that could be resolved by mere argument


I Introduction -- 1. Terminology -- 2. Logic, Methodology and Science -- II The Phenomenological Method -- 3. General Remarks -- 4. โ{128}{156}Back to the Things Themselvesโ{128}{157} -- 5. The Object of Phenomenological Investigation -- III Semiotic Methods -- 6. General Remarks -- 7. Formalism -- 8. Rules of Syntactic Meaning -- 9. Semantic Functions and Types -- 10. Semantic Meaning and Verifiability -- 11. Example of Semantic Methods in Practice -- IV The Axiomatic Method -- 12. General Remarks -- 13. The Axiomatic System -- 14. Mathematical Logic -- 15. Definition and Concept Formation -- 16. Example of the Axiomatic Method in Practice -- V Reductive Methods -- 17. General Remarks -- 18. The Structure of the Natural Sciences -- 19. Types of Explanatory Statements -- 20. Induction -- 21. Probability and Statistics -- 22. Historical Method -- Epilogue Guide to Further Reading -- Index of Persons -- Index of Subjects

Philosophy Modern philosophy Philosophy Modern Philosophy Philosophy general


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