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AuthorKlima, M. author
TitleDevelopment of the Cetacean Nasal Skull [electronic resource] / by M. Klima
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 1999
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Descript VIII, 144 p. online resource


Morphogeny of the nasal skull was investigated in 92 embryos of 13 species of Cetacea. Compared to the original nasal capsule of land mammals, the nasal structures of Cetacea show many weighty transformations. As a result, the nostrils are translocated from the tip of the snout to the vertex of the head. Several structures of the embryonic nasal skull remain preserved even in adult cetaceans. The translocation of the nostrils to the highest point of the surfacing body is among the most perfect adaptations of cetaceans to the aquatic life habits. The morphogeny of the nasal skull suggests that all cetaceans are of common origin and form a single monophyletic order. The hitherto usual division of this order into two suborders, Mysticeti and Odontoceti, appears to be unsubstantiated. Rather, at least three closely related superfamilies should be distinguished within the order Cetacea, viz., Balaenopteroidea, Physeteroidea, and Delphinoidea. The results are in a conspicuous accordance with the most recent molecular biological investigations on this topic


1 Introduction -- 2 Materials and Methods -- 3 Synopsis of Structures of the Embryonic Nasal Skullโ{128}ฆ. -- 3.1 Cartilaginous Structures -- 3.2 Dermal Bones -- 4 Morphogeny of the Nasal Skull -- 4.1 Odontoceti -- 4.2 Mysticeti -- 5 Metamorphosis and Translocation of the Nasal Structures -- 5.1 Stages Around 40 mm in Size -- 5.2 Stages Around 80 mm in Size -- 5.3 Stages Around 150 mm in Size -- 5.4 Course of the Most Important Transformations -- 6 Comparison of the Embryonic Nasal Structures -- 6.1 The Median Structures -- 6.2 The Posterior Side Wall Structures -- 6.3 The Anterior Side Wall Structures -- 7 The Nasal Structures of Adult Cetacea -- 7.1 The Ethmoid Complex -- 7.2 Cartilaginous Rostrum -- 7.3 Cartilages of the Nostril -- 7.4 Nasal Roof Cartilage in the Sperm WhalePhyseter catodon -- 7.5 Pararostral Bones, or the so-called Meckelian Ossicles -- 8 Evolutional and Functional Relationships -- 8.1 Position of the Nostrils and the Mode of Surfacing in Cetaceans -- 8.2 Position of the Nostrils and the Mode of Surfacing in Ichthyosaurs -- 8.3 Position of the Nostrils and the Modell9 of Surfacing in Sirenians -- 9 The Systematics of Cetacea According to the Morphogeny of Their Nasal Skull -- 9.1 On the Phylogenetic Origin of Cetacea -- 9.2 The Present Results and Their Significance for the Systematics of Cetacea -- 9.3 Other Recent Criteria for the Systematics of Cetacea -- 10 Summary -- References

Life sciences Zoology Life Sciences Zoology


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