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AuthorMann, David M. A. author
TitleSense and Senility: The Neuropathology of the Aged Human Brain [electronic resource] / by David M. A. Mann
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer, 1997
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-6001-2
Descript V, 198 p. online resource

SUMMARY

nly two things are certain in life, one is that all of us will inevitaยญ Obly grow older, the other is that at some point during or at the end of this process we shall die. Inherent to the passage of time is a deterioยญ ration in the structural and functional integrity of our bodies, this proยญ gressing to such an extent that one or more organ systems will eventuยญ ally begin to fail with the continued health and well-being of the individual coming under threat. Age-associated deficiencies in the musculo-skeletal, cardiovascular, or endocrine systems producing arthriยญ tis, hypertension, stroke or diabetes are all too apparent in our elderly population yet internally caused failures in the function of the nervous system provide the common, and mostly intractable, problems of memory and intellect or locomotion that face and frustrate clinicians. Perhaps the most important factor which can decide the outcome of research studies professing to examine the effects of the passage of time (i. e. the 'process of aging') on the function of the nervous system, or indeed any other organ system, is the selection of appropriate or repreยญ sentative subjects for investigation. The heart of this problem lies in defining what might be considered as 'normal' aging as distinct from age-associated disease; setting the 'goal posts of normality' continues to 1 be a matter of considerable debate


CONTENT

1. Introduction -- 2. Pathological Changes in the Elderly Human Brain -- 2.0. Introduction -- 2.1. Gross Changes in the Brain -- 2.2. Nerve Cell Numbers in Aging -- 2.3. Regressive Changes in Neurones with Aging -- 2.4. Senile Plaques -- 2.5. Neurofibrillary Tangles -- 2.6. Lewy Bodies -- 2.7. Hirano Bodies -- 2.8. Granulovacuolar Degeneration -- 2.9. Neuropigments -- 2.10. Other Neuronal Changes -- 2.11. Changes in Glial Cells -- 2.12. Cerebrovascular Changes -- 2.13. Brain Aging: Compensation Versus Redundancy -- 3. Pathological Changes in Neurodegenerative Disease -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. The Pathological Changes of Alzheimerโ{128}{153}s Disease -- 3.3. The Initial Site of Damage -- 3.4. The Presence of Alzheimer-type Pathology in Situations Other than AD -- 3.5. The Pathogenesis of Alzheimerโ{128}{153}s Disease -- 3.6. Systemic Changes in AD -- 3.7. The Pathological Changes of Parkinsonโ{128}{153}s Disease -- 4. Etiological Considerations -- 4.1. Genetic Factors -- 4.2. Environmental Factors -- 5. Relationships Between Aging and Neurodegenerative Disease -- 5.0. Introduction -- 5.1. Pathology in the Normal Elderly-Preclinical Disease? -- 5.2. Implications for Aging Research -- 5.3. The Concept of Normality -- 5.4. Relevance of Animal Studies -- 5.5. Aging and Diseaseโ{128}{148}A Continuum -- 5.6. Genetic Susceptibility -- 5.7. Concluding Remarks


Medicine Neurosciences Geriatrics Neurology Medicine & Public Health Neurology Geriatrics/Gerontology Neurosciences



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