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AuthorGargarella, Roberto. author
TitleThe Scepter of Reason [electronic resource] : Public Discussion and Political Radicalism in the Origins of Constitutionalism / by Roberto Gargarella
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 2000
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3945-8
Descript XXVIII, 143 p. online resource

SUMMARY

It is not unusual that formal and informal discussions about the political system, its virtues, and its many defects, conclude in a discussion about impartiality. In fact, we all discuss impartiality when we talk about the best way to equally consider all viewpoints. We show our concerns with impartiality when, facing a particular problem, we try to figure out the best solution for all of us, given our conflicting interests. Thus, the quest for impartiality tends to be a common objective for most of us, although we normally disagree on its particular contents. Generally, these formal and informal discussions about impartiality conclude in a dispute between different "epistemic" conceptions. That is to say, simply, that in these situations we begin to disagree about best procedure to defme the more neutral, impartial solution for all of us.! Basically, trying to answer this question we tend to fluctuate between two opposite positions. According to some, the best way to know which is the more impartial solution is to resort to a process of collective reflection: in those situations we have to consider the opinions of all those who are possibly affected


CONTENT

1 Radicalism and Conservatism in England -- The Authority of the People Outside the Parliament -- The Crisis of Political Representation -- The โ{128}{156}Radical Societiesโ{128}{157} in England -- The Radicalsโ{128}{153} Epistemic View, and their Egalitarianism -- The Radicalsโ{128}{153} Institutional Proposals -- The Conservative Challenge -- When Thomas Paine Confronted Edmund Burke -- 2 Radicalism and Populism in the U.S. -- A Government for the Majority -- Town Meetings and County Conventions 29 The Constitution of Pennsylvania: The Experiment of โ{128}{156}Unchecked Majoritiesโ{128}{157} -- The Constitution of Pennsylvania in Motion -- The โ{128}{156}Critical Periodโ{128}{157} of American History -- The Context of the Crisis -- The Demand for Paper Money and Counter-Institutional Reactions -- Institutional Responses to the Majority Claims -- The Paper-Money Crisis in Rhode Island -- The Critics of Radicalism/Populism -- 3 The Conservative Reaction. James Madison: Institutional Reforms Against The Power of Factions -- The Evolution of Madisonโ{128}{153}s Ideas of Factions. Earlier Approaches -- Defining the โ{128}{156}Vices of the Political Systemโ{128}{157} -- Analyzing the Madisonian Definition of Factions -- Representation -- Minorities -- Checks and Balances -- The Problems of the System of Checks and Balances -- 4 The Conservative Reaction II. Defending the New Institutions in the Federal Convention -- The โ{128}{156}Conservativeโ{128}{157} Antifederalists -- The Federalists -- The North American Constitution and Epistemic Elitism -- About Popular Assemblies and the House of Representatives -- Some Basic Tools -- The Executive -- The Senate -- The Judiciary -- 5 The Conservative Model of Deliberation -- Why Deliberation? What Kind of Deliberation? -- The Elitist Character of the Conservative Model of Deliberation -- Why Restricted Deliberation? -- Radicalism and Public Deliberation -- Why Public Deliberation? -- Appendix Contemporary Political Institutions and Deliberation -- The Possibility of Deliberation -- The Judiciary and Public Dialogue -- The Political Branches of Government and Deliberation -- We the People and Interbranch Dialogue -- Final Notes


Philosophy Political science Law -- Philosophy Law Constitutional law Philosophy Philosophy of Law Constitutional Law Theories of Law Philosophy of Law Legal History Political Science Philosophy general



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