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TitleScientific reasoning and argumentation : the roles of domain-specific and domain-general knowledge / edited by Clark A. Chinn and Jonathan Osborne
ImprintNew York : Routledge, 2018
Descript x, 280 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm


Competence in scientific reasoning is one of the most valued outcomes of secondary and higher education. However, there is a need for a deeper understanding of and further research into the roles of domain-general and domain-specific knowledge in such reasoning. This book explores the functions and limitations of domain-general conceptions of reasoning and argumentation, the substantial differences that exist between the disciplines, and the role of domain-specific knowledge and epistemologies. Featuring chapters and commentaries by widely cited experts in the learning sciences, educational psychology, science education, history education, and cognitive science, Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation presents new perspectives on a decades-long debate about the role of domain-specific knowledge and its contribution to the development of more general reasoning abilities.


The role of domain-specific and domain-general knowledge in scientific reasoning and argumentation : an introduction -- In the eye of the beholder : domain-general and domain-specific reasoning in science -- Domain-specific aspects of scientific reasoning and argumentation : insights from automatic coding -- Construing scientific evidence : the role of disciplinary knowledge in reasoning with and about evidence in scientific practice -- What is the value of general knowledge of scientific reasoning? -- Domain-specificity in the practices of explanation, modeling, and argument in the sciences -- Historical reasoning : the interplay of domain-specific and domain-general aspects -- Scientific reasoning and argumentation : is there an over-emphasis on disciplines specificity? -- Beyond intelligence and domain knowledge : scientific reasoning and argumentation as a set of cross-domain skills

Science -- Methodology Reasoning Critical thinking

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