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TitleMarine Animal Forests [electronic resource] : The Ecology of Benthic Biodiversity Hotspots / edited by Sergio Rossi, Lorenzo Bramanti, Andrea Gori, Covadonga Orejas
ImprintCham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer, 2019
Connect tohttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17001-5
Descript 1000 p. online resource

SUMMARY

During the last decades there has been an increasing evidence of drastic changes in marine ecosystems due to human-induced impacts, especially on benthic ecosystems. The so called “animal forests” are currently showing a dramatic loss of biomass and biodiversity all over the world. These communities are dominated by sessile suspension feeder organisms (such as sponges, corals, gorgonians, bivalves, etc.) that generate three-dimensional structures, similar to the trees in the terrestrial forest. The animal forest provide several ecosystem services such as food, protection and nursery to the associated fauna, playing an important role in the local hydrodynamic and biogeochemical cycles near the sea floor and acting also as carbon sinks. The present book focus its attention on these three dimensional animal structures including, for the first time, all the different types of animal forests of the world in a single volume. During the last decades there has been an increasing evidence of drastic changes in marine ecosystems due to human-induced impacts, especially on benthic ecosystems. The so called “animal forests” are currently showing a dramatic loss of biomass and biodiversity all over the world. These communities are dominated by sessile suspension feeder organisms (such as sponges, corals, gorgonians, bivalves, etc.) that generate three-dimensional structures, similar to the trees in the terrestrial forest. The animal forest provide several ecosystem services such as food, protection and nursery to the associated fauna, playing an important role in the local hydrodynamic and biogeochemical cycles near the sea floor and acting also as carbon sinks. The present book focus its attention on these three dimensional animal structures including, for the first time, all the different types of animal forests of the world in a single volume


CONTENT

Activity Rhythms Measurement in Suspension Feeders -- Animal Forest Through the Time: Historical Data to Understand Present Changes in Marine Ecosystems -- Animal Forests of the World: an overview -- Antarctic Marine Animal Forests – Three-Dimensional Communities in Southern Ocean Ecosystems -- Complexity and Biodiversity in Caribbean Coral Reefs -- Connexion of the Animal Forest with Land Ecosystems: The Example of Mangroves -- Corals as Architects of the Oceans -- Diversity and Evolution of Octocoral Animal Forests at Both Sides of Tropical America -- Ecosystem Functions and Services of the Marine Animal Forests -- Ecosystem-based Management: Opportunities and Challenges for Application in the Ocean Forest -- Evolution of the Marine Animal Forest -- Filter-feeding Zoobenthos and Hydrodynamics -- Harvesting and Collection of Animal Forest Species -- Interaction and Competition for Space in the Animal Forest -- Limits of Photoadaptation and Photoacclimation in Symbiotic Corals -- Macroalgae in the Animal Forest: The Example of Coral Reefs and the Mediterranean Coralligene -- Marine Animal Forests in South Atlantic Waters: A New World to Discover -- Neglected Part of the Animal Forest: Hydrozoans as an Example -- Octocoral and Hexacoral Diseases in a Changing Ocean -- Pollution Effects on Tropical Animal Forests -- Role of Fishes in Tropical Coral Reefs -- Secondary Metabolites and Chemical Ecology in the Animal Forest -- Seston Quality and Available Food: Importance in the Benthic Biogeochemical Cicles -- Where Seaweed Forests Meet Animal Forests: the Examples of Macroalgae in Coral Reefs and the Mediterranean Coralligene -- Why Corals Should Care About Ocean Acidification: General Consensus and Misconceptions -- Benthic-pelagic Coupling: New Perspectives in the Animal Forests -- Drawing the Line at Neglected Marine Ecosystems: Ecology of Vermetid Reefs in a Changing Ocean -- Energetics, Particle Capture, and Trophic Ecology of Suspension Feeders -- Importance of Recruitment Processes in the Dynamics and Resilience of Reef Coral Assemblages -- Living in the Canopy of the Animal forest: Physical and Chemical Aspects -- Resilience of the Animal Forest -- Demography of Animal Forests: the Example of Mediterranean Gorgonians -- Genetic Connectivity in Harvested and not Harvested Species: Resilience and Management -- Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems -- Restoration of the Animal Forests: Considering Silviculture Concepts in Coral Transplantation -- Sponge Grounds as Key Marine Habitats: a Synthetic Review of Types, Structure, Functional Roles, and Conservation Concerns -- Threats Affecting the Calcium Carbonate Budget of the Animal Forest -- Animal Forest in the Chilean Fiords: Discoveries and Perspectives in Shallow and Deep Waters -- Animal Forests in Deep Coastal Bottoms and Continental Shelves of the Mediterranean Sea -- Coexistence in Cold Waters: Animal Forests in Seaweed-Dominated Habitats in Southern High-Latitudes -- Conservation and Management of Vulnerable Marine Benthic Ecosystems -- Framework-forming Scleractinian Cold-water Corals Through Space and Time: A Late Quaternary North Atlantic Perspective -- Global Biodiversity in Cold-Water Coral Reef Ecosystems -- Growth Patterns in Long-lived Benthic Suspension Feeders -- Impact of Bottom Fishing on Animal Forests: Science, Conservation and Fisheries Management -- Measuring the Impact of Anthropogenic Activity on Cold-water corals -- Suprabenthic Communities: the Forgotten Biodiversity


Aquatic biology Freshwater & Marine Ecology. http://scigraph.springernature.com/things/product-market-codes/L19066



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