This book tracks the conceptual journeying of the term ‘transgender’ from the Global North—where it originated—along with the physical embodied journeying of transgender asylum seekers from countries within Africa to South Africa and considers the interrelationships between the two. The term 'transgender' transforms as it travels, taking on meaning in relation to bodies, national homes, institutional frameworks and imaginaries. This study centres on the experiences and narratives of people that can be usefully termed 'gender refugees', gathered through a series of life story interviews. It is the argument of this book that the departures, border crossings, arrivals and perceptions of South Africa for gender refugees have been both enabled and constrained by the contested meanings and politics of this emergence of transgender. This book explores, through these narratives, the radical constitutional-legal possibilities for 'transgender' in South Africa, the dissonances between the possibilities of constitutional law, and the pervasive politics/logic of binary ‘sex/gender’ within South African society. In doing so, this book enriches the emergent field of Transgender Studies and challenges some of the current dominant theoretical and political perceptions of 'transgender'. It offers complex narratives from the African continent regarding sex, gender, sexuality and notions of home concerning particular geo-politically situated bodies.
1. Introduction: Trans Travels and Trans Trajectories -- 2. The Echo of the ‘Knowing Subject’: Trans Methodologies in South Africa -- 3. The Emergence of a Discourse of Transgender in South Africa -- 4. The Politics and Limits of Transgender in South Africa -- 5. Shifting Borderlands and Becoming a Gender Refugee -- 6. Of Categories and Queues and Structural Realities -- 7. Finding Community, Finding Rights: The Common Sense Paradox -- 8. “The Journey does not end. It’s a life time journey”