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TitleLigaments and Ligamentoplasties [electronic resource] / edited by L'Hocine Yahia
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1997
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-60428-7
Descript XVIII, 387p. 132 illus. online resource

SUMMARY

Prosthetic replacement of ligaments is a problem which still has not been solved. Despite the development of different synthetic implants and better knowledge of the ligament biomechanics, there is currently no prosthesis that shows satisfactory results. As a result, synthetic implants have either not been approved at all or approved by the FDA for limited use only as a replacement for the anterior cruciate ligament. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of the growing knowledge of natural ligaments and to review, using a biomimetical approach, the different concepts and designs of artificial ligaments developed during the last decades. This approach is undertaken in an effort to better understand why artificial ligaments fail, to redefine design criteria, and stimulate the development of a new generation of more effective replacement devices


CONTENT

Introduction: Evaluation of Cruciate Ligament Prostheses โ{128}{148} Critique of Current Concepts and Procedures -- I Fundamental Aspects of the Ligaments -- I.1 Passive and Dynamic Stability of the Knee Joint -- I.2 Sensory Endings in Ligaments: Response Properties and Effects on Proprioception and Motor Control -- I.3 Morphological Evaluation of Bone-Ligament Interaction in Biological and Artificial Reconstruction -- I.4 Mesomechanical Modeling of Living Soft Tissue -- I.5 Fundamental Considerations on Cruciate Ligament Surgery -- II Artificial Ligaments: Materials and Designs, Mechanical Performance, Lifetime, Fixation Techniques, Biofunctionality -- II.1 The History of Ligament Substitutes -- II.2 A Classification of Prosthetic Ligament Failures -- II.3 Computer-Assisted Planning of Prosthetic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Insertion -- II.4 Isometric Reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Femoral and Tibial Tunnel Placement -- II.5 Considerations on the Biomechanics of the Knee Joint with Regard to Ligament Reconstruction, Especially with a Polyethylene-Terephthalate Alloplastic Ligament (Trevira Ligament) -- II.6 Reconstruction of Cruciate Ligaments Using a Synthetic Ligament of Polyethylene Terephthalate (Trevira Ligament) -- II.7 Isolated and Combined Posterior Cruciate Ligament Instability -- II.8 Polyethylene Fibers as Substitute for Anterior Cruciate Knee Ligament in Goats: A Histological Study -- II.9 Motion-Induced Inhibition of Effective Osseous Fixation of a Polyethylene Filamentous Prosthesis: Histological, Histomorphometrical, and Biomechanical Studies of a High-Tensile Polyethylene Filamentous Braid for Replacement of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament in Goats -- III Future Trends: Tissue Engineering, Regeneration -- III.1 Artificial Materials and Structures for Extracellular Matrix Scaffolding of Orthopedic Tissues: A Review -- III.2 Biochemical and Mechanical Stimulation of Knee Fibroblasts for Regeneration of Ligaments In Vitro -- III.3 Tissue-Engineered Ligament


Medicine Orthopedics Surgery Medicine & Public Health Orthopedics Surgery



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