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TitleOpen Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging [electronic resource] : Equipment, Diagnosis and Interventional Procedures / edited by D. H. W. Grรถnemeyer, Robert B. Lufkin
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2000
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Descript XIX, 304 p. 420 illus. online resource


Until the advent of the Access open magnet, introduced by Diasonics in 1988, claustrophobia and the loud hammering noise were considered part of the price patients had to pay for the benยญ efits of this superb imaging approach. The fact that it was possiยญ ble to obtain images of acceptable diagnostic quality while the patient was resting comfortably in pleasant airy surroundings reยญ miniscent of a four-poster bed was certainly a great advantage. It became obvious, however, that the open magnet also offered the opportunity for the interventional radiologist or surgeon to perform procedures, as access to the patient was immediate and can be continuous during the scanning. It was also necessary to develop methods for real-time imaging and also vary the spatial resolution, obtaining the best when speed was not essential. After this instrument showed the potential of revolutionizing both the approach to imaging as well as interventional radiology by eliminating the exposure to ionizing radiation, allowing more complicated interventions to be image guided, several other comยญ panies embraced the idea of open magnets. These instruments have started to proliferate and now occupy a significant portion of the market


A Basic Principles -- 1 Basic Physics -- 2 Field Strength in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Its Theoretical Basis -- 3 Open-Magnet Technology for Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 4 Contrast Agents in Magnetic Resonance Interventions -- B Systems and Environment -- 1 The Technology and Potential of Open Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 2 Instruments and Equipment for Open-Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 3 Graphics Workstations for Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 4 Interventional Operation Theaters -- C Technical Procedures for Diagnosis and Intervention -- 1 Temperature-Sensitive Magnetic Resonance Sequences -- 2 Wavelet Encoding for Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 3 Fast โ{128}{156}Real-Timeโ{128}{157} Imaging with Various k-Space Update Strategies for Interventional Procedures -- 4 Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Microtherapy and Surgery -- 5 Magnetic Resonance: Safety, Bioeffects, and Patient Monitoring -- D Diagnostic Procedures and Protocols -- 1 Open-Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Diagnostic Procedures and Protocols in the Brain -- 2 Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Head and Neck -- 3 Low-Field Dedicated Extremity Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 4 General Pediatric Applications for Open-Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- E Interventional Procedures -- 1 Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain -- 2 Microtherapeutic MR and Endoscopy for Low Back Pain Therapy -- 3 Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Head and Neck -- 4 Interventional Magnetic Resonance for Biopsy and Drug Instillation in Cancer Therapy -- 5 Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Abdomen -- 6 Magnetic Resonance Guided Therapy of Breast Tumors -- 7 Interventional Magnetic Resonance of the Thorax

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