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AuthorEckstein, Felix. author
TitleEffects of Joint Incongruity on Articular Pressure Distribution and Subchondral Bone Remodeling [electronic resource] / by Felix Eckstein, Beat Merz, Christopher R. Jacobs
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 2000
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Descript X, 130 p. 25 illus. online resource


This book reviews the existing literature on joint incongruity, on cellular mechano-transduction of bone, on computer simulations of biological adaptation processes and on embryonic joint development. It describes finite element models and biomechanical experiments that attempt to quantify the effect of joint incongruity on load transmission and on subchondral mineralisation in human articulations and shows that the natural incongruity has profound effects on biomechanicas and connective tissue adaptation of human joints. The present study addresses investigators from different fields (biology, medicine as well as bio-engineering) who study the development, morphology, biomechanics and function of human joints


1 Introduction and Questions -- 2 Basis for the Design of the Computer Models -- 2.1 Qualitative and Quantitative Description of Joint Incongruity -- 2.2 Finite Element Method -- 2.3 Theory of Mechanoadaptive Bone Remodeling -- 3 Materials and Methods -- 3.1 Idealized Model of Concave Joint Incongruity -- 3.2 Idealized Comparative Geometric Models -- 3.3 Anatomically Based Model of the Humeroulnar Joint -- 3.4 Experimental Validation -- 3.5 Morphological Investigations on the Elbow Joint -- 4 Results -- 4.1 Idealized Model of Concave Joint Incongruity -- 4.2 Idealized Comparative Geometric Models -- 4.3 Anatomically Based Model of the Humeroulnar Joint -- 4.4 Experimental Validation -- 4.5 Morphological Findings at the Elbow Joint -- 5 Discussion -- 5.1 Methodological Discussion -- 5.2 Effect of the Incongruity on the Pressure in the Joint -- 5.3 The Relationship Between Joint Incongruity, Mechanoadaptive Bone Remodeling and the Morphology of the Subchondral Bone -- 5.4 Phylogenetic and Ontogenetic Origin of Joint Incongruity -- 5.5 Perspectives and Further Investigations -- 6 Conclusions -- References -- Achnowledgements

Medicine Human anatomy Health informatics Orthopedics Medicine & Public Health Anatomy Health Informatics Orthopedics


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