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TitleLasers in the Musculoskeletal System [electronic resource] / edited by Bruno E. Gerber, Martin T. N. Knight, Werner E. Siebert
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 2001
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Descript XIV, 366 p. 305 illus., 71 illus. in color. online resource


Since the introduction of laser technology into medicine, quite a number of clinical applications in orthopaedics have been developed. This text is the first to provide comprehensive guidelines and how-to-do instructions for the application of lasers in orthopaedics. These cover patient selection and decision-making as well as the benefits and risks of the clinical application of lasers in arthroscopic surgery, spine surgery and open surgery. An overview is given on the basics of laser technology and the various laser types are evaluated in terms of optimal use


I: Introduction -- History of Lasers in Orthopedic Medicine -- II: Basics -- Basic Laser Principles and Research:Introductory Remark -- Basics, Laser Physics and Safety for the Clinicianโ{128}{153}s Requirement -- Value of infrared radiometry to Medical Laser Applications with Reference to Temperature Feedback and Tissue Welding Option -- Tissue Discrimination and Selectivity in Laser Application -- Measurement of Holmium:YAG Laser-Induced Temperature in Musculoskeletal Tissues Using an Experimental MRI Technique -- Fundamental Studies of Laser Energy for Joint Capsular Shrinkage -- In Vitro and Experimental Animal Research on Arthroscopic Laser Treatment of Cartilage โ{128}{148} Setup Near to Clinical Application Condition -- Effects of Laser Irradiation on Cytokine Production of Rheumatoid Synovial Cells -- Bactericidal Effect of Argon Laser Irradiation with Dyes -- Experimental Photodynamic Laser Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis Using Photo-san-3, 5-ALA-Induced PPIX and BPD Verteporfin in an Animal Model -- Bone Healing After Erbium:YAG Laser Osteotomy of Sheep Tibi -- Development of Laser Endoscope for Coagulation and Incision -- III: Arthroscopy -- Preface to Lasers in Arthroscopy -- Holmium:YAG-Laser-Assisted Arthroscopy Versus Conventional Methods for Treatment of the Knee -- Use of Holmium Laser in Patellofemoral Instability -- Laser Abrasion Multiple Puncturing (LAMP) in Osteoarthritis of the Knee -- Chondroplasty Using the Holmium:YAG Lase -- Lateral Retinacular Release Using Laser -- Meniscectomy Using Laser -- Holmium-2.1-Laser-Assisted Knee Arthroscopy: Clincal Outcome and Complications in 1000 Case -- Complications of Arthroscopic Laser Surgery -- MRI Modifications After Ho-2.1 Laser Knee Arthoscopy -- Laser Surgery on the Menisci -- Soft Tissue Shortening with the Ho:YAG Laser: Experimental Model, Structural Effects, and Histologic and Ultrastructural Analysis -- Basic Properties of Collagen Shrinkage and Laser-Collagen Interaction -- Effects of Laser on the Anterior Band of the Inferior Glenohumeral Ligament -- The Ho:YAG Laser in Shoulder Surgery -- Arthroscopic Treatment of Shoulder Joint Instability Using Laser-Assisted Capsular Shift -- Laser-Assisted Arthroscopy of the Shoulder โ{128}{148} What Merit Does Laser Surgery Have in Modern Shoulder Surgery? -- IV: Low Level Laser -- Preface to Low Level Laser Therapy -- Low-Level Energy Laser Therapy in the Musculoskeletal System -- Low-Level Laser Therapy -- V: Spine -- Preface -- Anatomical Concepts in Applied Surgery of the Lumbar Spine: An Endoscopic View -- The Pathobiology of the Intervertebral Disc -- Open Lumbar Discectomy After Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD): Clinical and Histological Results -- Quantitative Analysis of the Ablation Effects of Holmium:YAG and Neodymium:YAG Laser in Human Spinal Disc Tissue -- Biomechanics of the Spine: The Engineerโ{128}{153}s View -- Clinical Instability of the Lumbar Spine After Microdiscectomy -- Optical Properties of the Human Lumbar Intervertebral Disc -- Clinical Results of Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression and Targeted Literature Review -- Economic Measurement in Spinal Surgery โ{128}{148} The Contribution of Quality-Adjusted Life Years -- MRI Scans of the Lumbosacral Spine Under Compression -- Patient Selection for Percutaneous Laser Discectomy -- Endoscopically Determined Pain Sources in the Lumbar Spin -- Laser Disc Decompression โ{128}{148} A Treatment Algorithm -- An X-ray Jig To Facilitate the Percutaneous Posterolateral Approach to the Lumbar Spine -- Experiences in 120 Cases with Percutaneous Non-endoscopic Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD) Using the Nd:YAG Laser System in the Cervical Spine โ{128}{148} Retrospective Study of 40 Cases -- Infrared Thermography and the Determination of the Ablation Volume in Cervical Laser Discectomy -- Percutaneous Cervical Discectomy with Forceps and Endoscopic Ho:YAG Laser -- Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD): Twelve Yearsโ{128}{153} Experience with 752 Procedures in 518 Patient -- Lumbar Disc Operation: Results of Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD) -- Lumbar Percutaneous KTP 532-nm Laser Disc Decompression and Disc Ablation in the Management of Discogenic Pain -- Laser Foraminoscopic Surgery -- Endoscopic Formainoplasty: An Independent Prospective Evaluation -- Endoscopic Percutaneous Lumbar Disc Decompression with the Ho:YAG Laser(Ho:YAG EPLDD) -- Percutaneous Transforaminal Laser-Assisted Surgery in the Epidural Space for Noncontained Herniated Disc -- Percutaneous Foraminal Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy โ{128}{148} Evolution from a Laparascopic Technique -- Complications of Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD) -- Bone Necrosis Adjacent to the Disc After Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression โ{128}{148} An Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Potential Operative Complications of Percutaneous Laser Discectomy

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