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AuthorLucerna, Sebastiano. author
TitleIn Vivo Atlas of Deep Brain Structures [electronic resource] : With 3D Reconstructions / by Sebastiano Lucerna, Francesco M. Salpietro, Concetta Alafaci, Francesco Tomasello
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 2002
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Descript VII, 165 p. online resource


In the first half of the twentieth century, the study of neuroanatomy was essentiallybased on the observations made by scientists on brain cadavers fixed with standard techniques. These studies have produced well-known tools such as the stereotactic atlas, which have proven to be extremely useful and irreplaceable for neurosurgeons, neuroradiยญ ologists, neurologists and neuroanatomists. In particular, the Talairach and Schaltenbrandt atlases are considered the most prestiยญ gious and up-to-date work available today. The recent introduction of neuroimaging, especially nuclear magnetic resonance, together with the exciting and tremendous progress made in computer graphics, has allowed us to approach neuroanatomy directly in living patients with more accuracy and a high degree ofdetail. This work, after a short introduction which explains the methodoloยญ gy used, is divided into four types of sections: three types ofsections obtained from the same brain and orientated in the standard axial, sagittal, and coronal spatial planes and one type of section of threeยญ dimensional pictures obtained from the computerized processing of the previous pictures. The organization and the life-size tables obtained by magnetic resoยญ nance make this work similar to a classic stereotactic atlas, although the authors do not claim to reach the high level of precision which such atlases usually provide. The abbreviations used are based on Latin nomenclature,in order to be understood and recognized worldยญ wide, and are supported by a system of color codes useful for the identification ofbrain structures


The Reference System: The ca-cp Plane -- MRI Technique -- Magnified 2D Plate Reconstructions -- Spatial Limits and Magnification Factors -- Drawing Technique -- 3D Plate Reconstructions: NURBS Modeling -- Example of How To Use the Atlas -- Axial Sections: Plates 1โ{128}{147}17 -- Coronal Sections: Plates 18โ{128}{147}40 -- Sagittal Sections: Plates 41โ{128}{147}54 -- 3D Reconstructions -- Combination of All Structures -- Putamen, Globus Pallidus Medialis and Lateralis, Ansa Lenticularis -- Caudate Nucleus, Putamen, Globus Pallidus Medialis and Lateralis, Ansa Lenticularis -- The Thalamic Region -- The Amygdala, Fornix and Periventricular Regions

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