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TitleAssessing AIDS Prevention [electronic resource] : Selected papers presented at the international conference held in Montreux (Switzerland), October 29-November 1, 1990 / edited by F. Paccaud, J. P. Vader, F. Gutzwiller
ImprintBasel : Birkhรคuser Basel, 1992
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-0348-7211-9
Descript X, 308 p. online resource

SUMMARY

In most countries, primary prevention programmes against the HIV / AIDS epidemic have been implemented. Broadly speaking, three levels of intervention can be identified: - national campaigns directed to the general population; most of them are multi phase campaigns aimed at providing information about HIV transmission and protective behaviour; they use the various mass media channels and are mainly directed to sexual behaviour modifiยญ cation; - community-based interventions, addressed to specific target populaยญ tions; these populations have been typically selected according to both the high risk of infection (gay men and prostitutes) and the difficulty to reach the members of these communities (intravenous drug users); - individual testing and counselling, often supported by public funds or large non-governmental organizations. Major efforts have been devoted to the development and the implemenยญ tation of these preventive programmes, both in terms of human reยญ sources and financial support. On the other hand, in most countries, far less energy has been put into the evaluation of these campaigns. This gap is not explained by the fact that evaluation of AIDS/HIV camยญ paigns is a totally new challenge in terms of methodology: there are classical methods, developed over twenty years and used in other fields of prevention


CONTENT

The evaluation of prevention efforts in national AIDS programmes -- Methods of Assessment -- Social science research to assist and assess AIDS prevention programs -- Using the classical STDs to monitor HIV prevention programmes -- The benefits of HIV antibody testing of saliva in field research -- A mathematical model to evaluate the impact of a multiple-strategy preventive programme on HIV infection -- Monitoring HIV seroprevalence in STD patients -- The use of male STD history as an indicator for impact assessment -- Evaluating a training program: A multi-dimensional perspective -- General Population -- Prevention strategies and assessment in Thailand -- Prevention strategies and assessment in Kenya -- Assessing AIDS prevention in Switzerland -- HIV infections in the Federal Republic of Germany -- The Swiss public opinion on drug and AIDS prevention -- Male Homo- and Bisexuals -- Assessing AIDS prevention among male homo- and bisexuals -- Predictors of change, poor outcome and premature drop-out in a randomized control study of AIDS education: The Talking Sex Project -- Migrants -- Assessing AIDS prevention among migrant populations -- Intravenous Drug Users -- The Mersey Harm Reduction Model: evaluation of a local strategy for preventing the spread of HIV among and from IDUs -- Male and Female Prostitutes -- Assessing targeted AIDS prevention in male and female prostitutes and their clients -- Individual Counseling and Preventive Treatment -- Counseling and preventive intervention for HIV-positive persons and AIDS patients -- Targeting clinical and preventive care to and around HIV-infected persons: the concept of early intervention -- Prevention of transfusion-related AIDS in children in Zaire -- Conclusion -- Summing up and research agenda -- Addendum to Section General Population -- Assessing HIV/AIDS preventive strategies in the general population -- List of participants


Medicine Science Infectious diseases Medicine & Public Health Infectious Diseases Science general



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