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TitlePediatric Hypertension [electronic resource] / edited by Ronald J. Portman, Jonathan M. Sorof, Julie R. Ingelfinger
ImprintTotowa, NJ : Humana Press : Imprint: Humana Press, 2004
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59259-797-0
Descript XIII, 492 p. online resource

SUMMARY

After obesity and asthma, hypertension is the most frequently occurring chronic disease in childhood, as well as an important precursor of adult cardiovascular disease. In Pediatric Hypertension, a multidisciplinary panel of physicians, clinicians, and academicians comprehensively review all aspects of this disease to create the most state-of-the-art treatment of the subject currently available. The topics covered range from the regulation and assessment of blood pressure in children, to its evaluation and day-to-day management. The authors not only outline the pathophysiology of hypertension in children, but also offer current information on blood pressure measurement, the proper techniques for diagnosis, the assessment of hypertensive end-organ damage even in childhood, and the use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Additional chapters address the genetic background of hypertension, the characterization of the disease from infancy through the teen years, and the appropriate treatment of hypertension-with and without drugs-including details of current studies of antihypertensive medications and their use. Definitions of hypertension in children, predictors of future hypertension, risk factors-race and ethnicity, diet, obesity, and society-and special populations are discussed at length. Comprehensive chapters on both primary and secondary hypertension in children point out differences in presentation between the pediatric and adult populations. Authoritative and current, Pediatric Hypertension offers pediatricians, family practitioners, and pharmaceutical scientists a comprehensive survey of what is currently known about childhood hypertension, as well as detailed practical advice for its optimal management


CONTENT

I Regulation of Blood Pressure in Children -- 1 Neurohumoral Regulation of Blood Pressure in Early Development -- 2 Cardiovascular and Autonomic Influences on Blood Pressure -- 3 Development of Circadian Time Structure and Blood Pressure Rhythms -- II Assessment of Blood Pressure in Children: Measurement, Normative Data, Epidemiology -- 4 Casual Blood Pressure Measurement Methodology -- 5 Development of Blood Pressure Norms in Children -- 6 Ambulatory Blood Pressure Methodology and Norms in Children -- 7 Epidemiology of Essential Hypertension in Children: The Bogalusa Heart Study -- III Hypertension in Children: Definitions, Predictors, Risk Factors, and Special Populations -- 8 Definitions of Hypertension in Children -- 9 Secondary Forms of Hypertension in Children -- 10 Essential Hypertension in Children -- 11 Sequelae of Hypertension in Children and Adolescents -- 12 Monogenic and Polygenic Genetic Contributions to Hypertension -- 13 Perinatal Programming and Blood Pressure -- 14 Cardiovascular Reactivity in Youth: Toward a Gene-Environment Model of Stress-Induced Cardiovascular Disease -- 15 Familial Aggregation of Blood Pressure -- 16 Influence of Dietary Electrolytes on Childhood Blood Pressure -- 17 Ethnic Differences in Childhood Blood Pressure -- 18 Childhood Obesity and Blood Pressure Regulation -- 19 Social Environments, Agonistic Stress, and Elevated Blood Pressure in Urban Youth -- 20 Neonatal Hypertension -- 21 Hypertension in Chronic Kidney Disease -- 22 Hypertension in End-Stage Renal Disease -- IV Evaluation and Management of Pediatric Hypertension -- 23 Diagnostic Evaluation of Pediatric Hypertension -- 24 Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Pediatric Hypertension -- 25 Approach to the Pharmacologic Treatment of Pediatric Hypertension -- 26 Pediatric Antihypertensive Trials -- 27 Management of Hypertensive Emergencies


Medicine Pediatrics Medicine & Public Health Pediatrics



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