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TitleBrain Imaging in Substance Abuse [electronic resource] : Research, Clinical, and Forensic Applications / edited by Marc J. Kaufman
ImprintTotowa, NJ : Humana Press : Imprint: Humana Press, 2001
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59259-021-6
Descript XXV, 425 p. online resource

SUMMARY

With the growing availability and decreasing cost of brain imaging technologies, it has become possible for researchers, physicians, forensics experts, and legal professionals to study brain changes in humans associated with substance abuse. In Brain Imaging in Substance Abuse: Research, Clinical, and Forensic Applications, highly experienced clinical researchers from diverse fields describe the use of electroencephalography, emission tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging to study the neural effects of substance abuse. The authors detail the effects of drugs, including alcohol, benzodiazepines, marijuana, opiates, cocaine, amphetamines, hallucinogens, and solvents on brain electrical activity, metabolism, hemodynamics, receptor and neurotransmitter levels, neurochemistry, and structure. The striking findings they report emerge from more than 1350 articles in some 320 journals, and are organized by method, abused substance and drug use state. The book examines the most commonly used neuropsychological tests and highlights associations between neuroimaging findings and behavior. Comprehensive and readily accessible, Brain Imaging in Substance Abuse: Research, Clinical, and Forensic Applications offers psychiatrists, radiologists, neurologists, pharmacologists, physiologists, psychologists, substance abuse specialists, and legal professionals a broad yet thoroughly integrated understanding of the methods and results obtained with clinical neuroimaging studies of substance abuse today


CONTENT

1: Electroencephalography, Topographic Mapping, and Event-Related Potentials in Substance Abuse Research -- History of the Electroencephalogram -- Recording the Electroencephalogram -- Analysis of the EEG -- Topographic Mapping -- Artifact Avoidance -- Event-Related Potentials -- Utility of Event-Related Potentials in Substance Abuse Research -- Caveats in Interpreting Electrophysiologic Data in Substance Abuse Research -- Future Directions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 2: Positron Emission Tomography and Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography: Methods and Applications in Substance Abuse Research -- Principles Underlying Positron Emission Tomography and Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography -- Basic Limitations of Positron Emission Tomography and Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography -- Applications in Substance Abuse Research -- Conclusions -- References -- 3: Fundamentals of Magnetic Resonance -- General Principles -- Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy -- Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Other Magnetic Resonance Methods -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 4: Electroenc ephalographic Studies of Substance Use and Abuse -- Electroencephalographic Studies of Chronic Substance Abusers -- Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 5: Emission Tomographic Studies in Substance Abuse -- Alcohol and Alcoholism -- Marijuana -- Hallucinogens -- Benzodiazepines -- Heroin and Opiates -- Cocaine -- Amphetamine and Methamphetamine -- Methylphenidate -- Solvents (โ{128}{156}Thinnersโ{128}{157}) and Toluene -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgment -- References -- 6: Magnetic Resonance Findings in Substance Abuse -- Alcohol and Alcoholism -- Marijuana and Hallucinogens -- Benzodiazepines -- Heroin and Opiates -- Cocaine -- Amphetamine and Other Stimulants -- Solvent Abuse and Occupational Exposure -- Polydrug Abuse -- Concluding Remarks -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 7: Neu ropsychological Correlates of Drug Abuse -- Alcohol -- Marijuana -- Hallucinogens -- Benzodiazepines -- Opiates -- Cocaine -- Amphetamine and Other Stimulants -- Solvents -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 8: Neuroimages as Legal Evidence -- Science and the Law -- Neuroimages as Psychiatric Evidence -- Substance Abuse, Neuroimaging, and Crime -- Conclusion -- References -- Bibliography of Research Studies in Substance Abuse -- to the Bibliography -- Bibliography Table of Contents -- EEG and Evoked Potentials -- Emission Tomography -- Magnetic Resonance -- Neuropsychology


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