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TitlePreventing AIDS [electronic resource] : Theories and Methods of Behavioral Interventions / edited by Ralph J. DiClemente, John L. Peterson
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer, 1994
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-1193-3
Descript XIX, 336 p. online resource

SUMMARY

Public health has a legacy of neglect regarding social and behavioral research. Too often, prompted by technical and scientific progress, we have ignoredยญ even marginalized-the vital "human element" in health thinking and pracยญ tice. Thus, for example, while family planning programs focused on providing a choice among safe and effective contraceptive methods (a supremely worthy goal), the central issue of sexuality and sexual behavior was generally neglected. Similarly, the enormous and important efforts to develop rapid and reliable diagnostic and treatment methods for sexually transmitted diseases helped divert attention away from the crucial issues of sexual practice. In short, we seem to have difficulty addressing the fundamental behaviors-including sex, drug taking and other intoxications, and violence-that are central to the major causes of preventable morbidity, disability, and premature mortality in the world today. Our collective reluctance to examine and understand ourselves is also expressed in the oft-repeated pipedream that scientific progress will "take care of" the HIV / AIDS pandemic by delivering a preventive vaccine, an effective cure, or both. Yet even a cursory glance at the relationship between scientific/ technical progress and health shows that meeting the scientific challenges is only one step toward effective application of the vaccine or drug. It is typical, not atypical, that hepatitis B vaccine is only now becoming relatively freely available to large populations in the developing world, more than a decade after the vaccine's licensure


CONTENT

1. Changing HIV/AIDS Risk Behaviors: The Role of Behavioral Interventions -- 2. The Health Belief Model and HIV Risk Behavior Change -- 3. Social Cognitive Theory and Exercise of Control over HIV Infection -- 4. Using Information to Change Sexually Transmitted Disease-Related Behaviors: An Analysis Based on the Theory of Reasoned Action -- 5. Diffusion Theory and HIV Risk Behavior Change -- 6. Social Models for Changing Health-Relevant Behavior -- 7. School-Based Interventions to Prevent Unprotected Sex and HIV among Adolescents -- 8. Interventions for Adolescents in Community Settings -- 9. Preventing HIV among Runaways: Victims and Victimization -- 10. Behavioral Interventions for In-Treatment Injection Drug Users -- 11. HIV/AIDS Prevention for Drug Users in Natural Settings -- 12. Interventions for Sexual Partners of HIV-Infected or High-Risk Individuals -- 13. Interventions for Sexually Active, Heterosexual Women in the United States -- 14. HIV Prevention for Gay and Bisexual Men in Metropolitan Cities -- 15. HIV Prevention among Gay and Bisexual Men in Small Cities -- 16. Lessons Learned from Behavioral Interventions: Caveats, Gaps, and Implications


Medicine Public health Health promotion Epidemiology Health psychology Sexual behavior Sexual psychology Medicine & Public Health Public Health Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Epidemiology Health Psychology Sexual Behavior



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