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TitleMedical Neuropsychology [electronic resource] : The Impact of Disease on Behavior / edited by Ralph E. Tarter, David H. Van Thiel, Kathleen L. Edwards
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer, 1988
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Descript XV, 350 p. online resource


Great strides have been made in the past several decades in clarifying brainยญ behavior relationships. Most of the research has focused on the direct effects of a brain injury on behavioral functioning. Only recently has attention been given to documenting the mechanisms by which the disruption of various organs and systems compromise cerebral integrity and ultimately how such disruption affects cognition and behavior. It is this relatively new topic of inquiry, medical neuropsychology, that comprises the subject of this book. As will be noted, the chapters are organized on a system-by-system basis. Each of the organ systems contributes in a unique and specialized fashion to maintaining the integrity of brain functioning. Thus, the chapters by Prigatano and Levin, Stanton, and Ryan address the consequences of disturbed energy regulation and oxygen supply. Other chapters, specifically those by Tarter, Edwards, and Van Thiel and by Hart and Kreutzer examine the effects on the brain when the liver and kidney cannot efficiently cataยญ bolize or eliminate cerebrotoxic substances. The effects of metabolic disrupยญ tion mediated through pituitary and thyroid gland mechanisms illustrate the complex and synergistic relationship among the various organs and systems and the brain. As discussed by Gordon, Lee, and Tamres, diverse intercorreยญ lated processes regulate physical growth, cerebral specialization of function, and complex cognitive capacities. Beckwith and Tucker underscore the inยญ terrelationships among cognitive, affective, behavioral, and neurophysioยญ logical processes pertinent to thyroid functioning. The book concludes with discussions of three rather specialized topics of current interest


1 Perspective and Rationale for Neuropsychological Assessment of Medical Disease -- 2 Pulmonary System -- 3 Neurological, Cognitive, and Psychiatric Sequelae Associated with the Surgical Management of Cardiac Disease -- 4 Neuropsychological Dysfunction Due to Liver Disease -- 5 Renal System -- 6 Neurobehavioral Disturbances Associated with Disorders of the Pancreas -- 7 The Pituitary Axis: Behavioral Correlates -- 8 Thyroid Disorders -- 9 Effects of Occupational Exposure to Chemicals on Neurobehavioral Functioning -- 10 Cancer -- 11 Nutrition and Childhood Neuropsychological Disorders

Psychology Clinical psychology Neuropsychology Psychology Neuropsychology Clinical Psychology


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