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TitleImmunologic Defects in Laboratory Animals 1 [electronic resource] / edited by M. Eric Gershwin, Bruce Merchant
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US, 1981
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-0325-2
Descript 380p. online resource

SUMMARY

Tiselius demonstrated that the immunologically active components of immune sera migrated electrophoretically in the gamma globulin region. His findings illuminated the classic observations of Jenner regarding development of resistance to infection, and those of von Pirquet, Pasteur, and Arthus regarding the transfer and specificity of resistance. Conceptual integration of these observations provided the impetus for the present modern era of immunology. Subsequent to Tiselius's work, multiple, rapid advances have occurred in the study of congenital and acquired immune deficiency states in mice, chickens, and humans. These studies have readily demonstrated that the immunologic ability of an organยญ ism to protect itself from environmental influences is a prerequisite for survival. Indeed, this necessity for protection from microenvironmental influences has promoted the evoluยญ tionary development of immunologic diversification, namely, host dependence upon a sophisticated, multifaceted network of cells and effector mechanisms responsible for the clearance and neutralization of toxins and potentially harmful pathogens. The obligate dependence of animals upon the functional integrity of their immunologic systems is illusยญ trated by the ready invasion of ubiquitous organisms when the host is in a state of immune defense derangement. Nevertheless, derangements in immune function can range from parยญ tial to complete and can be compatible with survival. The consequences of such derangeยญ ments run the gamut from subclinical disease to inevitable mortality


CONTENT

I. Defects of Immune Maturation -- 1 Immunologic Unresponsiveness in Fetal and Neonatal Mammals: A Paradigm for Immune Deficiency Diseases? -- II. Incomplete Immune Function in Normal Animals -- 2 Genetic Regulation of High and Low Immunoresponsiveness -- III. Immunohematologic Abnormalities -- 3 Hematopoietic Stem Cell Differentiation and Its Role in Osteopetrosis: Immunologic Implications -- 4 The W/Wv Mouse: A Model of Bone Marrow Failure -- 5 The Murine Chediak-Higashi Mutation and Other Murine Pigmentation Mutations -- 6 Cyclic Hematopoiesis in Gray Collie Dogs -- IV. B-Cell Defects -- 7 Inherited Dysgammaglobulinemia of Chickens -- 8 B-Lymphocyte Development and Heterogeneity: Analysis with the Immune-Defective CBA/N Mouse Strain -- 9 The Significance of Hereditary Asplenia for Immunologic Competence -- V. T-Cell Defects -- 10 Deficient and Sufficient Immune Systems in the Nude Mouse -- 11 Athymic Nude Rats -- 12 The Hairless Immune-Deficient Guinea Pig -- 13 Hereditarily Athymic-Asplenic (Lasat) Mice -- 14 Immunologic and Hematologic Deficiencies of the Hypopituitary Dwarf Mouse -- VI. Macrophage Defects -- 15 Inherent Macrophage Defects in Mice


Medicine Veterinary medicine Medicine & Public Health Veterinary Medicine



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