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TitleBiodegradation of Pesticides [electronic resource] / edited by Fumio Matsumura, C. R. Krishna Murti
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US, 1982
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4088-1
Descript XIV, 312 p. online resource

SUMMARY

When first developed, chlorinated pesticides such as DDT, dieldrin, and mirex were received with open arms, quickly becoming popular as effective, economic agents against pests. But evidence began to mount that residues of these chemicals remained in the environment, not breaking down, often appearing in plants and animals. By the late seventies many pesticides had achieved a terrible notoriety and were subsequently banned in a number of countries. Of tremendous concern, then, is the persistence of pesticides in the environment. The major thrust of research and development in the area of pesticides has properly been the creation of substances that are both effective and degradable. Yet in order to successfully promote the use of biodegradable pesticides, one must fully understand the mechanism of degradation, and it is to this vital subject that we address ourselves in the present volume. According to the Biodegradation Task Force, Safety of Chemicals Comยญ mittee, Brussels (1978), biodegradation may be defined as the molecular degradation of an organic substance resulting from the complex action of living organisms. A substance is said to be biodegraded to an environmentally acceptable extent when environmentally undesirable properties are lost. Loss of some characteristic function or property of substance by biodegradation may be referred to as biological transformation


CONTENT

I Biodegradation of Pesticides: Principles and Mechanisms -- 1 Degradation of Pesticides by Animals -- 2 Pesticide Metabolism in Plants: Reactions and Mechanisms -- 3 Degradation of Pesticides in the Environment by Microorganisms and Sunlight -- II Application of the Principles of Biodegrada Tion of Pesticides -- 4 Microbial Degradation of Pesticides in Tropical Soils -- 5 Persistence and Biodegradation of Herbicides -- 6 Biodegradation of Agricultural Fungicides -- 7 Biodegradable Insecticides: Their Application in Forestry -- 8 The Use of Biodegradable Pesticides in Public Health Entomology -- 9 Pesticides for Stored Products -- 10 Application of Biodegradable Pesticides in India


Medicine Veterinary medicine Medicine & Public Health Veterinary Medicine



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