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TitleHandbook of Biomaterial Properties [electronic resource] / edited by Jonathan Black, Garth Hastings
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer, 1998
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5801-9
Descript XXIV, 590 p. 15 illus. online resource

SUMMARY

Progress in the development of surgical implant materials has been hindered by the lack of basic information on the nature of the tissues, organs and systems being repaired or replaced. Materials' properties of living systems, whose study has been conducted largely under the rubric of tissue mechanics, has tended to be more descriptive than quantitative. In the early days of the modern surgical implant era, this deficiency was not critical. However, as implants continue to improve and both longer service life and higher reliability are sought, the inability to predict the behavior of implanted manufactured materials has revealed the relative lack of knowledge of the materials properties of the supporting or host system, either in health or disease. Such a situation is unacceptable in more conventional engineering practice: the success of new designs for aeronautical and marine applications depends exquisitely upon a detailed, disciplined and quantitative knowledge of service environments, including the properties of materials which will be encountered and interacted with. Thus the knowledge of the myriad physical properties of ocean ice makes possible the design and development of icebreakers without the need for trial and error. In contrast, the development period for a new surgical implant, incorporating new materials, may well exceed a decade and even then only short term performance predictions can be made


CONTENT

I -- A1 Cortical bone -- A2 Cancellous bone -- A3 Dentin and enamel -- B1 Cartilage -- B2 Fibrocartilage -- B3 Ligament, tendon and fascia -- B4 Skin and muscle -- B5 Brain tissues -- B6 Arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels -- B7 The intraocular lens -- C1 Blood and related fluids -- C2 The vitreous humour -- II -- 1 Metallic biomaterials -- 1a Stainless steels -- 1b CoCr-based alloys -- 1c Titanium and titanium alloys -- 1d Dental restoration materials -- 2 Composite materials -- 3 Thermoplastic polymers in biomedical applications: structures, properties and processing -- 4 Biomedical elastomers -- 5 Oxide bioceramics: inert ceramic materials in medicine and dentistry -- 6 Properties of bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics -- 7 Wear -- 8 Degradation/resorption in bioactive ceramics in orthopaedics -- 9 Corrosion of metallic implants -- 10 Carbons -- III -- 1 General concepts of biocompatibility -- 2 Soft tissue response -- 3 Hard tissue response -- 4 Immune response -- 5 Cancer -- 6 Blood-material interactions -- 7 Soft tissue response to silicones


Dentistry Medicine Ophthalmology Surgical transplantation Biomedical engineering Materials science Medicine & Public Health Transplant Surgery Ophthalmology Biomedical Engineering Dentistry Characterization and Evaluation of Materials



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