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TitleMethods in DNA Amplification [electronic resource] / edited by Arndt Rolfs, Ines Weber-Rolfs, Ulrich Finckh
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer, 1994
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Descript IX, 251 p. online resource


The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - an in Vitro techniques for producing large amounts of a specific DNA fragment - has rapidly become established as one of the most important, impressive and fascinating methods of molecular biology as well as clinical diagnostics. In the seven years since'the technique was published, it has had a major impact on medical research. However, as there are still problems in instruments, standardized protocols for diagnostic applications and unsolved difficulties to avoid cross-contaminations on the one hand and on the other hand the even present question of how to interpret the biological value of a PCRยญ result, most clinicians prefer to further wait until these topics are clarified. It is the aim of this book to give the reader lab-proven protocols from experienced scientists as well as a general introduction to alternative DNA-amplification procedures and their possible usage such as the NASBA or LCR. This book is divided into four major parts to provide a theoretical (first and second section) and a practical framework for a better understanding of the new technology. In the first part we provide an up-to-date summary of basic problems in this rapidly evolving field. We demonstrate, for example how to use fixed tissue materials and how to quantify PCR products as well as how to prepare nucleic acids in a safe, convenient and proper way, or even how to sequence directly PCR products for the analysis of the DNA structure


General Aspects of PCR -- The Polymerase Chain Reaction and Fixed Tissues -- Impact of PCR on the Pathologistโ{128}{153}s World -- Sensitive and Rapid Detection and Quantification of Nucleic Acids -- Polymorphic Keratins as Detected by PCR and SSCP -- Production of Antibodies of Monoclonal Specificity without the Use of Hybridoma Cell Lines -- Use of Chelex 100TM in the Extraction of Viruses from Diverse Cell-Free Clinical Samples for PCR -- Detection of Amplified Oncogenes by Differential Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Resolution of a Secondary Structure in an Unknown mRNA 5โ{128}{153}End -- Automated Solid-Phase Sequencing of Genomic DNA Obtained from Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Alternative DNA-Amplification Methods -- Ligase-Mediated Detection Techniques -- Qualitative and Quantitative Detection of Nucleic Acids of Infectious Agents by NASBA -- Application of NASBA to the Detection of Listeria Monocytogenes -- PCR and Virological Problems -- Confirmation of Hepatitis C Virus Carrier State by Polymerase Chain Reaction in Cases with Nondiagnostic Serologies -- Confirmation of Hepatitis C Virus Positive Seras by Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Specific Detection and Rapid Identification of Human Enteroviruses by PCR Amplification -- Detection of Herpes Simplex Virus Using Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Detection of Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-DNA from Granulocytes and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMNC) of Immunosuppressed Patients by Nested PCR: Lack of Correlation to Isolation of Infectious Virus -- Timing of Mother-to Child Transmission of HIV-1 as Determinated by Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction - A Cohort Study in Kigali, Rwanda -- One-Day Detection of Enteroviruses in Clinical Specimens by Magnetic Bead Extraction of Viral RNA and Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Monitoring of Poliovirus Strains Circulating in the Environment and Their Intertypic and Intratypic Differentiation by RFLP Analysis of a PCR Product Derived from the 5โ{128}{153}Non-coding Region -- Detection of Adenoviruses in Blood by Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Detection of the HPV 16 E2 Gene in Nonkeratinizing Squamous Cervical Carcinomas by PCR -- PCR in the Field of Bacterial and Fungal Problems -- Identification of Toxoplasma-DNA by Polymerase Chain Reaction in Peripheral Blood Leukocytes of Patients with Suspected Toxoplasmosis -- Detection of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Clinical Samples by Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Tuberculosis in HIV Infected Patients Detected by PCR: A Comparison with Clinical Data -- Detection of Borrelia Burgdorferi in Human Skin Biopsies by a Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction -- The Application of PCR Fingerprinting to Epidemiological Analysis of Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens -- Contributors -- Suppliers of Special Items

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