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AuthorBenlian, Pascale. author
TitleGenetics of Dyslipidemia [electronic resource] / by Pascale Benlian
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer, 2001
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Descript XI, 315 p. online resource


Profound mortality rates, due to cardiovascular disease, are a worldwide problem. Cardiovascular disease results from complications of a silent and chronic arterial disease: atherosclerosis. The challenge for the practitioner is adapting diagnostic and therapeutic responses to prevent this common and complex disease. Dyslipidemia, are disorders of the metabolism of soluble transporters of lipids in extracellular spaces of the human body (including blood), called lipoproteins. They are major cardiovascular risk factors, causally related with atherosclerosis and are themselves multifactorial diseases, resulting from interactions between genetic and environmental factors. The study of genetic factors has recently taken a new path with the study of DNA as an experimental object. More than fifty genes of lipoprotein metabolism have been identified in both their physiological actions and their contribution to the pathogenesis of human dyslipidemia. The diversity of observations has refined our current knowledge of the control of lipid metabolism and energy homeostasis in living organisms beyond the limits of the cardiovascular system (e.g., brain, immune system, and development). These studies have given way to a shake-up of former phenotypic classifications, distinguishing new entities, defining targeted therapeutic strategies, providing a basis for different patterns of disease distribution in human populations


I- The Metabolism of Lipoproteins -- 1.1- Historical Landmarks -- 1.2- Lipids are essential components for living cells -- 1.3- Lipoproteins: soluble carriers of lipids in extracellular spaces -- 1.4- The Metabolism of Lipoproteins -- 1.5- Lipids and Atherosclerosis: The Causal Link -- 1.6- Heterogeneity of Dyslipidemia -- II- Genes of Lipoprotein Metabolism -- 2.1- Genes of the endogenous pathway -- 2.2- Genes controlling Triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism -- 2.3- Genes of the Reverse Pathway of lipoprotein metabolism -- 2.4- Other Regulatory Pathways of Lipoprotein Metabolism -- III- The Genetic Basis of Dyslipidemias -- 3.1- The Genetic Architecture of Lipoprotein Metabolism -- 3.2- The Candidate Gene Approach -- 3.3- Novel Genes, Novel Approaches -- Conclusion -- References

Medicine Human genetics Cardiology Biochemistry Medicine & Public Health Cardiology Human Genetics Biochemistry general


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