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TitlePsychophysiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract [electronic resource] : Experimental and Clinical Applications / edited by Rupert Hรถlzl, William E. Whitehead
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US, 1983
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Descript XXVI, 364 p. online resource


Over a quarter century ago, Flanders Dunbar, in her 1954 compendium on "Emotion and Bodily Changes," surveyed over 5,000 references on psychosoยญ matic interrelationships, including a literature on psychic factors in gastrointestiยญ nal disorders dating back to 1845. The title of the present volume suggests a line of descent from these early initiatives, but important changes are in the making. Indeed, the form and substance of long overdue reformulations are clearly reยญ flected in the scholarly contributions which enhance this report of the 1980 Munich symposium proceedings. Traditional psychosomatic approaches to understanding the gastrointestinal system and its functional disorders have been based in large part on two virtually unchallenged assumptions. In the first instance, unobserved (indeed unobservaยญ ble) "psychological processes" have been considered causally related to disease onset and/or to fluctuations in the course of the disease. And secondly, it has been assumed that "psychotherapeutic" interventions for disease management should be designed to alter these hypothesized "psychic" antecedents. More recently, however, a new paradigm for analyzing the relationships involving disordered physiological functions and behavioral interactions has been develยญ oped within the framework of what has been termed behavioral medicine. The conceptual boundaries of this relatively new approach to behavioral physiology have not yet been firmly established, but the major differences between the new "behavioral" model and the traditional "psychosomatic" model are brought into sharp relief by the experimental and clinical contributions to the present volume


I Esophagus -- 1 Studies of Esophageal Function during Waking and Sleep -- 2 The Responsiveness of the Esophagus to Environmental Stimuli -- 3 Disorders of the Esophagus: Applications of Psychophysiological Methods to Treatment -- 4 Psychological Treatment Approaches to Psychogenic Vomiting and Rumination -- II Stomach -- 5 Surface Gastrograms as Measures of Gastric Motility -- 6 Conjoint Gastrography: Principles and Techniques -- 7 Measurement of Gastric Acid Secretion -- 8 Telemetric and Isotope Methods of Measuring Gastric Acid Secretion, Motility, and Emptying -- 9 Responsiveness of the Stomach to Environmental Events -- 10 Treating Stomach Disorders: Can We Reinstate Regulatory Processes? -- III Colon -- 11 The Measurement of Colon Motility -- 12 Measurement of Electrical Activity of the Colon in Man -- 13 Colonic Psychophysiology: Implications for Functional Bowel Disorders -- 14 Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Applications of Psychophysiological Methods to Treatment -- IV Anal Canal and Rectum -- 15 Fecal Incontinence and Encopresis: A Psychophysiological Analysis -- 16 Manometric and Electromyographic Techniques for Assessment of the Anorectal Mechanism for Continence and Defecation -- V Interoception -- 17 Interoception: Awareness of Sensations Arising in the Gastrointestinal Tract -- 18 Intestinal Afferent Influence on Behavior

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