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AuthorZinn, Keith M. author
TitleClinical Atlas of Peripheral Retinal Disorders [electronic resource] / by Keith M. Zinn
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York, 1988
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Descript XX, 156 p. online resource


A comprehensive understanding of diseases of the peripheral retina is essential to the general ophthalmologist as well as to the vitreoretinal surgeon. Expertise in inยญ direct ophthalmoscopy, scleral depression, and contact lens biomicroscopy serves as a basis for observing the peripheral retina. These observations are then reยญ corded on fundus drawing paper and the Tolentino vitreo-retinal chart. This orยญ derly sequence of skills allows the ophthalmic surgeon to objectively diagnose and evaluate specific peripheral retinal disorders and plan for their therapeutic management. The Clinical Atlas of Peripheral Retinal Disorders is a compilation of fundus paintยญ ings by David A. Tilden based on our observations of a large number of patients over the past 15 years. The atlas is organized along functional and anatomical lines. After a brief introduction to the clinical anatomy of the peripheral retina, the appearance of the fundus as a function of skin color and aging is presented. Many of the diseases of the peripheral retina can be divided into trophic (nutritional), tractional, and a combination of trophic plus tractional etiologies. This classificaยญ tion system, although somewhat simplistic, appears adequate for our present level of understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms of these disorders. Unยญ doubtedly, once the molecular biology of these conditions is elucidated through future research, the classification will be revised. In addition, there are other conยญ ditions that affect the peripheral retina that do not fit the proposed classification system and are covered under separate headings, i. e


1 Anatomic Considerations -- The Vitreous -- Vitreous Attachments to Intraocular Structures -- Vitreous Canals and Spaces -- Anatomic Nomenclature of the Fundus -- The Neurosensory Retina -- The Choroid -- Equator -- Pars Plana -- Pars Plicata -- Ora Serrata -- Variations of Fundus Appearance -- 2 Classification System of Peripheral Retinal Degenerations -- 3 Developmental Variations of the Peripheral Fundus -- Variations of Ora Serrata Bays and Teeth -- Meridional Folds -- Granular Tissue (Tufts) -- Ora Serrata Pearls -- 4 Trophic Retinal Degenerations -- Inner Neurosensory Layer -- Middle Neurosensory Layer -- Outer Neurosensory Layer โ{128}{148} Retinal Pigment Epithelium -- 5 Tractional Retinal Degenerations -- Anatomic Classification of Retinal Tears -- Partial-Thickness Peripheral Retinal Tears -- Full-Thickness Peripheral Retinal Tears -- 6 Trophic and Tractional Retinal Degenerations -- White-with- or -without-Pressure -- Snail-Track Retinal Degeneration -- Lattice Retinal Degeneration -- Hereditary Vitreoretinal Degenerations -- Systemic Conditions Associated with Vitreoretinal Degenerations -- 7 Degenerative Conditions of the Vitreous Body -- Asteroid Hyalosis -- Synchisis Scintillans (Cholesterolosis Oculi) -- Amyloidosis of the Vitreous -- 8 Proliferative Retinopathies -- Diabetic Retinopathy -- Retinal Vein Occlusion -- Sickle Cell Retinopathy -- Retrolental Fibroplasia -- 9 Inflammatory Disorders -- Sarcoidosis -- Haradaโ{128}{153}s Syndrome (Vogt-Koyanagi-Haradaโ{128}{153}s Syndrome) -- Pars Planitis (Idiopathic Peripheral Uveoretinitis) -- Choroidal Detachments (Ciliochoroidal Effusion) -- Choroidal Effusion Syndrome -- 10 Pigmentary Tumors of the Peripheral Retina -- Choroidal Nevi -- Congenital Hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium -- Congenital Grouped Pigmentation (โ{128}{156}Bear Tracksโ{128}{157}) -- Metastatic Tumors to the Choroid -- Choroidal Melanomas -- 11 Retinitis Pigmentosa -- 12 Developmental Disorders: Colobomas of the Retina and Choroid -- 13 Long-Standing Retinal Detachments -- Intraocular Fibrosis -- Demarcation Lines -- 14 Fundus Color Code -- Bibliographies and References -- General Bibliography -- Specific Bibliography

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