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TitleAIDS Testing [electronic resource] : A Comprehensive Guide to Technical, Medical, Social, Legal, and Management Issues / edited by Gerald Schochetman, J. Richard George
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer, 1994
Edition Second Edition
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-0867-9
Descript XIV, 411 p. online resource

SUMMARY

During the two years since the publication of the first edition of this book, the global spread of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) has continued. HIV was estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1993 to have at least 13 million individuals worldwide, with 1 million infected infected in the United States. HIV/AIDS in the United States has become the leading cause of death among men 25 to 44 years of age and the fifth leading cause of death among women of the same age group. Prevention of HIV infection remains a global challenge. Testing for HIV is the cornerstone for surveillance and prevention programs and for the provision of appropriate medical care for those who are infected. Such testing is equally essential to the search for effective antivirus drugs and vaccines. This second edition of AIDS Testing incorporates the most current thinking on test methodology and interpretation, some of which has changed considerably over the past two years. This edition also has been expanded to include a section consisting of six chapters on test applicaยญ tions and a section consisting of four chapters on management issues. This edition, like the first, describes in clear terms all the complex eleยญ ments of testing, including applications, scientific principles, quality assurance, safety, and medical, ethical, and legal considerations


CONTENT

1. Introduction -- 1.Testing for Human Retrovirus Infections: Medical Indications and Ethical Considerations -- 2.Biology of Human Immunodeficiency Viruses -- 3.Immunology of HIV Infection -- 2. Laboratory Issues of Testing -- 4.FDA Regulation of HIV-Related Tests and Procedures -- 5.Detection of HIV Infection Using Serologic Techniques -- 6.Quality Control for HIV Testing -- 7.HIV Culture -- 8.Direct Detection of HIV Infection Using Nucleic Amplification Techniques -- 9.Use of Flow Cytometry to Enumerate Lymphocyte Populations in HIV Disease -- 10. Prognostic Indicators for Progression of HIV Disease -- 11.Testing for Other Human Retroviruses: HTLV-I and HTLV-II -- 3. Applications -- 12.HIV Testing in Blood Banks -- 13.HIV Testing for Organ and Tissue Transplantation -- 14.Programs for Routine, Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing of Patients in Acute-Care Hospitals -- 15.HIV Testing for Life Insurance -- 16.HIV Infection in Children -- 17.Molecular Epidemiology of AIDS -- 4. Psychosocial and Legal Issues -- 18.HIV Counseling and Testing: What Is It and How Well Does It Work? -- 19.Legal Aspects of AIDS: The Chasm Between Public Health Practices and Societal Norms -- 20.HIV Education in the Workplace -- 5. Management Issues -- 21.Standards of Laboratory Practice for HIV Testing -- 22.HIV Biosafety: Guidelines and Regulations -- 23.Management of Occupational Exposure to HIV -- 24. Preventing HIV Transmission in Health Care Settings


Medicine Immunology Virology Medicine & Public Health Medicine/Public Health general Virology Immunology



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