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TitleManagement of Fractures in Severely Osteoporotic Bone [electronic resource] : Orthopedic and Pharmacologic Strategies / edited by Karl Obrant
ImprintLondon : Springer London : Imprint: Springer, 2000
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Descript XVI, 604 p. online resource


Over the past decade, major advances have taken place in the management of osteoporosis. Newdasses of pharmaceutical agents have been developed, tested, and used to treat millions of patients; education and early detection programs have been instituted around the world; and bone densitometry has received widespread recognition by healthcare agencies as being central to the prevenยญ tive health strategy necessary to care for an aging population. With all these advances, scientists continue to explore new methods to understand and treat this disease. The field of orthopaedic surgery has a great opportunity to bring this new information to its dinics and operating rooms. It is critically imporยญ tant that the practicing surgeon be armed with this knowledge. Fractures are dearly the most common orthopaedic problem associated with osteoporosis. The goals of treatment are rapid restoration of mobilityand funcยญ tion and return of patients to a level of activity that supports their general health. The ability to control the metabolic condition or to treat the underยญ lying cause of the osteoporosis with pharmacological intervention willimprove surgical results. Moreover, the special techniques required to succeed in the operative treatment of bone, which is already weakened by osteoporosis, must be carefully developed, tested, and understood. This book provides the first attempt to bring this body of information to the orthopaedic surgeon in a dearly organized and comprehensive way. Historically, few orthopaedic surgery or trauma training programs have offered much in the way of education in the science of bone metabolism


1 The Size of the Problem -- 2 Pathogenesis of Osteoporosis -- 3 Assessing Bone Mass by X-ray Absorptiometry: The WHO Definition of Osteoporosis -- 4 Assessment of Bone Status by Quantitative Ultrasound -- 5 Biomechanics, Bone Quality and Strength -- 6 Biochemical Markers and Bone -- 7 Identifying the Patient at Risk of Osteoporotic Fracture -- 8 Determinants for Consolidation or Deficient Fracture Healing in Osteoporotic Fractures -- 9 Perspectives on Growth Factors, Bone Graft Substitutes and Fracture Healing -- 10 Displaced Intracapsular Fractures -- 11 Trochanteric Fractures -- 12 Subtrochanteric Fractures -- 13 Collesโ{128}{153} and Dorsal Bartonโ{128}{153}s Fractures -- 14 Smithโ{128}{153}s and Volar Bartonโ{128}{153}s Fractures -- 15 Cervical Spine Fractures and Osteoporosis -- 16 Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Fractures -- 17 Fractures of the Proximal Humerus -- 18 Fractures of the Distal Humerus -- 19 Acetabular Fractures -- 20 Fractures of the Distal Femur -- 21 Tibial Plateau Fractures -- 22 Ankle Fractures -- 23 Periprosthetic Fractures after Total Hip and Knee Replacements in Patients with Osteoporosis -- 24 Prevention of Falls -- 25 Hip Protectors -- 26 Nutrition and Bone Health -- 27 Physical Activity -- 28 Calcium and Vitamin D -- 29 Estrogen -- 30 Bisphosphonates -- 31 Calcitonin -- 32 Fluoride Therapy of Established Osteoporosis -- 33 Androgens and Anabolic Steroids -- 34 Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs) -- 35 Evolving Therapies: PTH, IGF, GH, Ipriflavone -- 36 Osteoporosis in Rheumatoid Arthritis -- 37 Regional Demineralization and Osteoporosis -- 38 Immobilization and Post-traumatic Osteopenia -- 39 Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy -- 40 Localized Osteolysis after Joint Replacement Surgery -- 41 A Personal Algorithm for the Prevention of Fractures in Orthopaedic Practice

Medicine Rheumatology Orthopedics Medicine & Public Health Orthopedics Rheumatology


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