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TitleThe Management of Mass Burn Casualties and Fire Disasters [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the First International Conference on Burns and Fire Disasters / edited by M. Masellis, S.W.A. Gunn
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1992
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-585-33973-3
Descript XII, 339 p. online resource

SUMMARY

Thermal harm is one of the most traumatizing assaults on man and his environment. Whether suffered by living beings as burn injury, or sustained by societal structures as fire damage, the resulting physical pain and material loss can be extremely distressing both to the person and to society. The health professions and in particular burn specialists have been continually developing effective means of combating burn disease and promoting rehabiliยญ tation of the victims, especially in mass casualty situations. In parallel, various levels of the community have been mobilizing fire prevention and fire-fighting mechanisms that protect society and the environment from the ever-increasing hazards of fire disasters. It is therefore surprising that, while aiming at the same objective, the two sectors have rarely come together; doctor has rarely worked with fire chief. Yet both disciplines have so much to learn from and contribute to each other's efforts. The Mediterranean Burns Club is a professional organization that brings together persons concerned with burn therapy and fire safety in all forms, especially in the countries of the Mediterranean basin. It is honoured to have been identified by the United Nations as a premier scientific body in its field within the programme of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. It is therefore natural that it should have initiated an international gathering of specialists engaged in burns as a surgical, clinical problem, and of counterparts dealing with fires as a societal, disaster management problem


CONTENT

Overview The First International Conference on Burns and Fire Disasters -- Overview The First International Conference on Burns and Fire Disasters -- Disaster -- Thermal agent disaster and fire disaster: definition, damage, assessment and relief operations -- The scientific basis of disaster medicine -- Overcoming the mythology of disaster -- Analysis of severe fire disasters -- Fire Disasters -- Fire disasters in Osaka -- Lessons from the Dublin 1981 fire catastrophe -- Forest fires and the danger to fire-fighters -- Forest fires in Sicily -- Safety regulations in high-risk industries. The situation in petrochemical plants in Sicily -- Domestic fire problems in Third World countries -- Domestic burns in children caused by butane gas explosion -- Accidents due to electricity and burns. A statistical analysis of events occurring at the National Electricity Energy Board during the period 1988โ{128}{147}1989 -- Fire in port -- Fire on board ship -- Marine fire casualties in merchant ships: the Greek statistics -- Fire services at a motor racing track -- Fire emergency in a hospital -- Fire prevention countermeasures for cultural properties in Nara City -- Preparedness for Primary Burn Emergencies -- Immediate assistance and first aid on the spot in fire disasters โ{128}{148} education of the public and self-sufficiency training -- Health education in disaster medicine -- System of postgraduate training in burn emergencies in Prague -- Training of specialists for burn care in Turkey -- The organization of safety and fire The organization of safety and fire prevention in a multidisciplinary research centre -- Personal protective equipment in operations involving burn risks: theory and practice -- Risks and protection of fire-fighters in forests. An outline -- Fire Disaster Management -- Problems of search and rescue in disasters -- Planning of rescue work in mass fire disasters. The Paris Red Plan -- Field logistical organization in the Italian Army Medical Corps -- The commitment of the Italian Army Medical Corps to relief of the civilian population in the event of public disasters -- The organization of the Italian Army Medical Corps in relation to contributions to civil defence in the event of disasters -- The use of aircraft in fire disasters: the Italian Air Force Medical Corps in burn emergencies -- Infobrul โ{128}{148} the value of a telematic databank for burns and burns centres in the event of a disaster -- Organizational criteria for setting up a field hospital after a fire disaster -- Clinical file and protocol for general doctors and for non-specialized hospital doctors to assist burn patients -- Medical care of mass burn victims: the Vishnevsky principles and organization in the Ufa disaster -- On-site treatment of severely burned patients -- The early cooling of burns -- Therapeutic kit and procedures for fluid resuscitation in disasters -- Ready-to-use emergency kit for treatment of severe burns: definition and specifications -- Physiopathology of burn disease during air evacuation -- The use of helicopters in integrated rescue work and medical transport -- Rescue of the burn patient and on-site medical assistance by a helicopter rescue service -- The burn patient and medically assisted helicopter transport -- The ARGO satellite system: a network for severe burns and disasters -- The Italian Army Medical Corps in the field: flexibility of mobile organization -- Burn treatment facilities in Turkey -- The establishment of a burns centre at a general hospital: the Naples experience -- Cyanide compounds in fire gas toxicity and the role of hydroxycobalamin -- Clinical Problems -- Early management of the critically burned patient -- Psychological reactions in fire disaster emergencies: hypotheses and operational guidelines -- Prevention and treatment of acute renal failure in the severely burned patient -- Early and late immunological changes in burn patients -- An approach to the management of hand burns using semipermeable membranes -- Care of traumatic tattoos associated with gunpowder explosions and blast burns -- Clinical technology in small hospitals -- Information and Communication National and International Organizations -- Mass media and serious emergencies -- The mass media and fire disasters โ{128}{148} information according to medical and psychological criteria -- The role of the mass media in burn prevention campaigns โ{128}{148} psychological considerations -- The philosophy of a burns prevention campaign -- Communications in the prevention of natural and man-made disasters: the role of the national and international Red Cross and Red Crescent organizations -- The action of the European Community for civil defence -- Japanโ{128}{153}s international disaster relief -- The role of the Italian Red Cross in emergencies


Medicine Emergency medicine Public health Plastic surgery Medicine & Public Health Emergency Medicine Public Health Plastic Surgery



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