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AuthorFrenk, Hanan. author
TitleA Critique of Nicotine Addiction [electronic resource] / by Hanan Frenk, Reuven Dar
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US, 2000
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/b111440
Descript XII, 244 p. online resource

SUMMARY

Nicotine is almost universally believed to be the major factor that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. Authorities such as the Surgeon General of the USA and the Royal College of Physicians in the UK have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This book is a critique of the nicotine addiction hypothesis, based on a critical review of the research literature that purports to prove that nicotine is as addictive drug. The review is based on a re-examination of more than 700 articles and books on this subject, including animal and human experimental studies, effects of ǹicotine replacement therapies', and many other relevant sources. This review concludes that on present evidence, there is every reason to reject the generally accepted theory that nicotine has a major role in cigarette smoking. A critical examination of the criteria for drug addiction demonstrates that none of these criteria is met by nicotine, and that it is much more likely that nicotine in fact limits rather than facilitates smoking


CONTENT

Addiction, Compulsion, and Habit -- Habitual Drug Use -- Smoking Defined as an Addiction -- Nicotine Reinforcement in Animals: Theoretical Considerations -- The Reinforcing Properties of Nicotine in Animals -- Nicotine and Intracranial Self-stimulation (ICSS) -- Reinforcing Properties of Nicotine in Humans -- Tolerance to and Physical Dependence on Nicotine -- The Difficulty of Curtailing the Smoking Habit -- โ{128}{156}Nicotine Replacement Therapiesโ{128}{157} -- The Tale of Nicotine Compensation -- Epilogue


Medicine Public health Neurology Clinical psychology Community psychology Environmental psychology Medicine & Public Health Neurology Public Health Community and Environmental Psychology Clinical Psychology



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