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AuthorHopf, Heinz. author
TitleDifferential Geometry in the Large [electronic resource] : Seminar Lectures New York University 1946 and Stanford University 1956 / by Heinz Hopf
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 1983
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-21563-0
Descript VII, 189 p. online resource

SUMMARY

These notes consist of two parts: 1) Selected Topics in Geometry, New York University 1946, Notes by Peter Lax. 2) Lectures on Differential Geometry in the Large, Stanford University 1956, Notes by J. W. Gray. They are reproduced here with no essential change. Heinz Hopf was a mathematician who recognized important mathemaยญ tical ideas and new mathematical phenomena through special cases. In the simplest background the central idea or the difficulty of a problem usually becomes crystal clear. Doing geometry in this fashion is a joy. Hopf's great insight allows this approach to lead to serious maยญ thematics, for most of the topics in these notes have become the starยญ ting-points of important further developments. I will try to mention a few. It is clear from these notes that Hopf laid the emphasis on polyยญ hedral differential geometry. Most of the results in smooth differenยญ tial geometry have polyhedral counterparts, whose understanding is both important and challenging. Among recent works I wish to mention those of Robert Connelly on rigidity, which is very much in the spirit of these notes (cf. R. Connelly, Conjectures and open questions in riยญ gidity, Proceedings of International Congress of Mathematicians, Helยญ sinki 1978, vol. 1, 407-414 ) โ{128}ข A theory of area and volume of rectilinear'polyhedra based on deยญ compositions originated with Bolyai and Gauss


CONTENT

One Selected Topics in Geometry -- I The Euler Characteristic and Related Topics -- II Selected Topics in Elementary Differential Geometry -- III The Isoperimetric Inequality and Related Inequalities -- IV The Elementary Concept of Area and Volume -- Two Differential Geometry in the Large -- I Differential Geometry of Surfacesin the Small -- II Some General Remarks on Closed Surfaces in Differential Geometry -- III The Total Curvature (Curvatura Integra) of a Closed Surface with Riemannian Metric and Poincarรฉโ{128}{153}s Theorem on the Singularities of Fields of Line Elements -- IV Hadamardโ{128}{153}s Characterization of the Ovaloids -- V Closed Surfaces with Constant Gauss Curvature (Hilbertโ{128}{153}s Methods) โ{128}{148} Generalizations and Problems โ{128}{148} General Remarks on Weingarten Surfaces -- VI General Closed Surfaces of Genus O with Constant Mean Curvature โ{128}{148} Generalizations -- VII Simple Closed Surfaces (of Arbitrary Genus) with Constant Mean Curvature โ{128}{148} Generalizations -- VIII The Congruence Theorem for Ovaloids -- IX Singularities of Surfaces with Constant Negative Gauss Curvature


Mathematics Differential geometry Topology Physics Mathematics Differential Geometry Topology History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics



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