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AuthorKulisch, Ulrich W. author
TitleAdvanced Arithmetic for the Digital Computer [electronic resource] : Design of Arithmetic Units / by Ulrich W. Kulisch
ImprintVienna : Springer Vienna : Imprint: Springer, 2002
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Descript XII, 144 p. 10 illus., 1 illus. in color. online resource


The number one requirement for computer arithmetic has always been speed. It is the main force that drives the technology. With increased speed larger problems can be attempted. To gain speed, advanced processors and proยญ gramming languages offer, for instance, compound arithmetic operations like matmul and dotproduct. But there is another side to the computational coin - the accuracy and reliability of the computed result. Progress on this side is very important, if not essential. Compound arithmetic operations, for instance, should always deliver a correct result. The user should not be obliged to perform an error analysis every time a compound arithmetic operation, implemented by the hardware manufacturer or in the programming language, is employed. This treatise deals with computer arithmetic in a more general sense than usual. Advanced computer arithmetic extends the accuracy of the elementary floating-point operations, for instance, as defined by the IEEE arithmetic standard, to all operations in the usual product spaces of computation: the complex numbers, the real and complex intervals, and the real and complex vectors and matrices and their interval counterparts. The implementation of advanced computer arithmetic by fast hardware is examined in this book. Arithmetic units for its elementary components are described. It is shown that the requirements for speed and for reliability do not conflict with each other. Advanced computer arithmetic is superior to other arithmetic with respect to accuracy, costs, and speed


1. Fast and Accurate Vector Operations -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Implementation Principles -- 1.3 High-Performance Scalar Product Units (SPU) -- 1.4 Comments on the Scalar Product Units -- 1.5.1 Scalar Product Units for Top-Performance Computers -- 1.6 Hardware Accumulation Window -- 1.7 Theoretical Foundation of Advanced Computer Arithmetic -- Bibliography and Related Literature -- 2. Rounding Near Zero -- 2.1 The one dimensional case -- 2.2 Rounding in product spaces -- Bibliography and Related Literature -- 3. Interval Arithmetic Revisited -- 3.1 Introduction and Historical Remarks -- 3.2 Interval Arithmetic, a Powerful Calculus to Deal with Inequalities -- 3.3 Interval Arithmetic as Executable Set Operations -- 3.4 Enclosing the Range of Function Values -- 3.5 The Interval Newton Method -- 3.6 Extended Interval Arithmetic -- 3.7 The Extended Interval Newton Method -- 3.8 Differentiation Arithmetic, Enclosures of Derivatives -- 3.9 Interval Arithmetic on the Computer -- 3.10 Hardware Support for Interval Arithmetic

Mathematics Arithmetic and logic units Computer Microprocessors Architecture Computer Algorithms Computer mathematics Numerical analysis Mathematics Computational Science and Engineering Arithmetic and Logic Structures Processor Architectures Computer System Implementation Algorithms Numerical Analysis


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