Author | Fomenko, Anatolij T. author |
---|---|

Title | Visual Geometry and Topology [electronic resource] / by Anatolij T. Fomenko |

Imprint | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1994 |

Connect to | http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-76235-2 |

Descript | XVI, 324 p. 51 illus. online resource |

SUMMARY

Geometry and topology are strongly motivated by the visualization of ideal objects that have certain special characteristics. A clear formulation of a specific property or a logically consistent proof of a theorem often comes only after the mathematician has correctly "seen" what is going on. These pictures which are meant to serve as signposts leading to mathematical understanding, frequently also contain a beauty of their own. The principal aim of this book is to narrate, in an accessible and fairly visual language, about some classical and modern achievements of geometry and topology in both intrinsic mathematical problems and applications to mathematical physics. The book starts from classical notions of topology and ends with remarkable new results in Hamiltonian geometry. Fomenko lays special emphasis upon visual explanations of the problems and results and downplays the abstract logical aspects of calculations. As an example, readers can very quickly penetrate into the new theory of topological descriptions of integrable Hamiltonian differential equations. The book includes numerous graphical sheets drawn by the author, which are presented in special sections of "Visual material". These pictures illustrate the mathematical ideas and results contained in the book. Using these pictures, the reader can understand many modern mathematical ideas and methods. Although "Visual Geometry and Topology" is about mathematics, Fomenko has written and illustrated this book so that students and researchers from all the natural sciences and also artists and art students will find something of interest within its pages

CONTENT

1 Polyhedra. Simplicial Complexes. Homologies -- 1.1 Polyhedra -- 1.2 Simplicial Homology Groups of Simplicial Complexes (Polyhedra) -- 1.3 General Properties of Simplicial Homology Groups -- 2 Low-Dimensional Manifolds -- 2.1 Basic Concepts of Differential Geometry -- 2.2 Visual Properties of One-Dimensional Manifolds -- 2.3 Visual Properties of Two-Dimensional Manifolds -- 2.4 Cohomology Groups and Differential Forms -- 2.5 Visual Properties of Three-Dimensional Manifolds -- 3 Visual Symplectic Topology and Visual Hamiltonian Mechanics -- 3.1 Some Concepts of Hamiltonian Geometry -- 3.2 Qualitative Questions of Geometric Integration of Some Differential Equations. Classification of Typical Surgeries of Liouville Tori of Integrable Systems with Bott Integrals -- 3.3 Three-Dimensional Manifolds and Visual Geometry of Isoenergy Surfaces of Integrable Systems -- 4 Visual Images in Some Other Fields of Geometry and Its Applications -- 4.1 Visual Geometry of Soap Films. Minimal Surfaces -- 4.2 Fractal Geometry and Homeomorphisms -- 4.3 Visual Computer Geometry in the Number Theory -- Appendix 1 Visual Geometry of Some Natural and Nonholonomic Systems -- 1.1 On Projection of Liouville Tori in Systems with Separation of Variables -- 1.2 What Are Nonholonomic Constraints? -- 1.3 The Variety of Manifolds in the Suslov Problem -- Appendix 2 Visual Hyperbolic Geometry -- 2.1 Discrete Groups and Their Fundamental Region -- 2.2 Discrete Groups Generated by Reflections in the Plane -- 2.3 The Gram Matrix and the Coxeter Scheme -- 2.4 Reflection-Generated Discrete Groups in Space -- 2.5 A Model of the Lobachevskian Plane -- 2.6 Convex Polygons on the Lobachevskian Plane -- 2.7 Coxeter Polygons on the Lobachevskian Plane -- 2.8 Coxeter Polyhedra in the Lobachevskian Space -- 2.9 Discrete Groups of Motions of Lobachevskian Space and Groups of Integer-Valued Automorphisms of Hyperbolic Quadratic Forms -- 2.10 Reflection-Generated Discrete Groups in High-Dimensional Lobachevskian Spaces -- References

Mathematics
Geometry
Topology
Physics
Mathematics
Geometry
Topology
Theoretical Mathematical and Computational Physics