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AuthorNey, Peter E. author
TitleAlgebraic Systems [electronic resource] / by A. I. Mal'cev
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1973
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Descript XII, 320 p. online resource


As far back as the 1920's, algebra had been accepted as the science studying the properties of sets on which there is defined a particular system of operations. However up until the forties the overwhelming majority of algebraists were investigating merely a few kinds of algebraic structures. These were primarily groups, rings and lattices. The first general theoretical work dealing with arbitrary sets with arbitrary operations is due to G. Birkhoff (1935). During these same years, A. Tarski published an important paper in which he formulated the basic prinยญ ciples of a theory of sets equipped with a system of relations. Such sets are now called models. In contrast to algebra, model theory made abunยญ dant use of the apparatus of mathematical logic. The possibility of making fruitful use of logic not only to study universal algebras but also the more classical parts of algebra such as group theory was disยญ covered by the author in 1936. During the next twenty-five years, it gradually became clear that the theory of universal algebras and model theory are very intimately related despite a certain difference in the nature of their problems. And it is therefore meaningful to speak of a single theory of algebraic systems dealing with sets on which there is defined a series of operations and relations (algebraic systems). The formal apparatus of the theory is the language of the so-called applied predicate calculus. Thus the theory can be considered to border on logic and algebra


I General Concepts -- 1. Relations and Mappings -- Problems and Complements -- 2. Models and Algebras -- Problems and Complements -- II Classical Algebras -- 3. Groupoids and Groups -- Problems and Complements -- 4. Rings and Fields -- Problems and Complements -- 5. Lattices (Structures) -- III First and Second-Order Languages -- 6. Syntax and Semantics -- Problems and Complements -- 7. Classification of Formulas -- IV Products and Complete Classes -- 8. Filters and Filtered Products -- Problems and Complements -- 9. Indistinguishability and Elementary Embedding -- 10. Completeness and Model Completeness -- Problems and Complements -- V Quasivarieties -- 11. General Properties -- Problems and Complements -- 12. Free Systems and Free Compositions -- Problems and Complements -- VI Varieties -- 13. General Properties -- Problems and Complements -- 14. Primitive Closures -- Problems and Complements -- Name Index

Mathematics Algebra Mathematics Algebra


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