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AuthorBourbaki, Nicolas. author
TitleElements of the History of Mathematics [electronic resource] / by Nicolas Bourbaki
ImprintBerlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1994
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Descript VIII, 301 p. online resource


This work gathers together, without substantial modification, the majorยญ ity of the historical Notes which have appeared to date in my Elements de M atMmatique. Only the flow has been made independent of the Elements to which these Notes were attached; they are therefore, in principle, accessible to every reader who possesses a sound classical mathematical background, of undergraduate standard. Of course, the separate studies which make up this volume could not in any way pretend to sketch, even in a summary manner, a complete and conยญ nected history of the development of Mathematics up to our day. Entire parts of classical mathematics such as differential Geometry, algebraic Geometry, the Calculus of variations, are only mentioned in passing; others, such as the theory of analytic functions, that of differential equations or partial differยญ ential equations, are hardly touched on; all the more do these gaps become more numerous and more important as the modern era is reached. It goes without saying that this is not a case of intentional omission; it is simply due to the fact that the corresponding chapters of the Elements have not yet been published. Finally the reader will find in these Notes practically no bibliographic or anecdotal information about the mathematicians in question; what has been attempted above all, for each theory, is to bring out as clearly as possible what were the guiding ideas, and how these ideas developed and reacted the ones on the others


1. Foundations of Mathematics; Logic; Set Theory -- 2. Notation; Combinatorial Analysis -- 3. The Evolution of Algebra -- 4. Linear Algebra and Multilinear Algebra -- 5. Polynomials and Commutative Fields -- 6. Divisibility; Ordered Fields -- 7. Commutative Algebra. Algebraic Number Theory -- 8. Non Commutative Algebra -- 9. Quadratic Forms; Elementary Geometry -- 10. Topological Spaces -- 11. Uniform Spaces -- 12. Real Numbers -- 13. Exponentials and Logarithms -- 14. n Dimensional Spaces -- 15. Complex Numbers; Measurement of Angles -- 16. Metric Spaces -- 17. Infinitesimal Calculus -- 18. Asymptotic Expansions -- 19. The Gamma Function -- 20. Function Spaces -- 21. Topological Vector Spaces -- 22. Integration in Locally Compact Spaces -- 23. Haar Measure. Convolution -- 24. Integration in Non Locally Compact Spaces -- 25. Lie Groups and Lie Algebras -- 26. Groups Generated by Reflections; Root Systems

Mathematics History Mathematics History of Mathematical Sciences


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