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AuthorPalamodov, Victor. author
TitleReconstructive Integral Geometry [electronic resource] / by Victor Palamodov
ImprintBasel : Birkhรคuser Basel : Imprint: Birkhรคuser, 2004
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-0348-7941-5
Descript XII, 164 p. online resource

SUMMARY

One hundred years ago (1904) Hermann Minkowski [58] posed a problem: to reยญ 2 construct an even function I on the sphere 8 from knowledge of the integrals MI (C) = fc Ids over big circles C. Paul Funk found an explicit reconstruction formula for I from data of big circle integrals. Johann Radon studied a similar problem for the Euยญ clidean plane and space. The interest in reconstruction problems like Minkowskiยญ Funk's and Radon's has grown tremendously in the last four decades, stimulated by the spectrum of new modalities of image reconstruction. These are X-ray, MRI, gamma and positron radiography, ultrasound, seismic tomography, electron miยญ croscopy, synthetic radar imaging and others. The physical principles of these methods are very different, however their mathematical models and solution methยญ ods have very much in common. The umbrella name reconstructive integral geomยญ etryl is used to specify the variety of these problems and methods. The objective of this book is to present in a uniform way the scope of wellยญ known and recent results and methods in the reconstructive integral geometry. We do not touch here the problems arising in adaptation of analytic methods to numerical reconstruction algorithms. We refer to the books [61], [62] which are focused on these problems. Various aspects of interplay of integral geometry and differential equations are discussed in Chapters 7 and 8. The results presented here are partially new


CONTENT

1 Distributions and Fourier Transform -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Distributions and generalized functions -- 1.3 Tempered distributions -- 1.4 Homogeneous distributions -- 1.5 Manifolds and differential forms -- 1.6 Push down and pull back -- 1.7 More on the Fourier transform -- 1.8 Bandlimited functions and interpolation -- 2 Radon Transform -- 2.1 Properties -- 2.2 Inversion formulae -- 2.3 Alternative formulae -- 2.4 Range conditions -- 2.5 Frequency analysis -- 2.6 Radon transform of differential forms -- 3 The Funk Transform -- 3.1 Factorable mappings -- 3.2 Spaces of constant curvature -- 3.3 Inversion of the Funk transform -- 3.4 Radonโ{128}{153}s inversion via Funkโ{128}{153}s inversion -- 3.5 Unified form -- 3.6 Funk-Radon transform and wave fronts -- 3.7 Integral transform of boundary discontinuities -- 3.8 Nonlinear artifacts -- 3.9 Pizetti formula for arbitrary signature -- 4 Reconstruction from Line Integrals -- 4.1 Pencils of lines and Johnโ{128}{153}s equation -- 4.2 Sources at infinity -- 4.3 Reduction to the Radon transform -- 4.4 Rays tangent to a surface -- 4.5 Sources on a proper curve -- 4.6 Reconstruction from plane integrals of sources -- 4.7 Line integrals of differential forms -- 4.8 Exponential ray transform -- 4.9 Attenuated ray transform -- 4.10 Inversion formulae -- 4.11 Range conditions -- 5 Flat Integral Transform -- 5.1 Reconstruction problem -- 5.2 Odd-dimensional subspaces -- 5.3 Even dimension -- 5.4 Range of the flat transform -- 5.5 Duality for the Funk transform -- 5.6 Duality in Euclidean space -- 6 Incomplete Data Problems -- 6.1 Completeness condition -- 6.2 Radon transform of Gabor functions -- 6.3 Reconstruction from limited angle data -- 6.4 Exterior problem -- 6.5 The parametrix method -- 7 Spherical Transform and Inversion -- 7.1 Problems -- 7.2 Arc integrals in the plane -- 7.3 Hemispherical integrals in space -- 7.4 Incomplete data -- 7.5 Spheres centred on a sphere -- 7.6 Spheres tangent to a manifold -- 7.7 Characteristic Cauchy problem -- 7.8 Fundamental solution for the adjoint operator -- 8 Algebraic Integral Transform -- 8.1 Problems -- 8.2 Special cases -- 8.3 Multiplicative differential equations -- 8.4 Funk transform of Leray forms -- 8.5 Differential equations for hypersurface integrals -- 8.6 Howardโ{128}{153}s equations -- 8.7 Range of differential operators -- 8.8 Decreasing solutions of Maxwellโ{128}{153}s system -- 8.9 Symmetric differential forms -- 9 Notes -- Notes to Chapter 1 -- Notes to Chapter 2 -- Notes to Chapter 3 -- Notes to Chapter 4 -- Notes to Chapter 5 -- Notes to Chapter 6 -- Notes to Chapter 7 -- Notes to Chapter 8


Mathematics Fourier analysis Integral transforms Operational calculus Mathematics Integral Transforms Operational Calculus Fourier Analysis



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