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AuthorHeinrich, Bernd. author
TitleFinite Difference Methods on Irregular Networks [electronic resource] : A Generalized Approach to Second Order Elliptic Problems / by Bernd Heinrich
ImprintBasel : Birkhรคuser Basel, 1987
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Descript 206 p. online resource


The finite difference and finite element methods are powerful tools for the approximate solution of differential equations governing diverse physical phenomena, and there is extensive literature on these discreยญ tization methods. In the last two decades, some extensions of the finite difference method to irregular networks have been described and applied to solving boundary value problems in science and engineering. For instance, "box integration methods" have been widely used in electroยญ nics. There are several papers on this topic, but a comprehensive study of these methods does not seem to have been attempted. The purpose of this book is to provide a systematic treatment of a generalized finite difference method on irregular networks for solving numerically elliptic boundary value problems. Thus, several disadvanยญ tages of the classical finite difference method can be removed, irregular networks of triangles known from the finite element method can be applied, and advantageous properties of the finite difference approximaยญ tions will be obtained. The book is written for advanced undergraduates and graduates in the area of numerical analysis as well as for mathematically inclined workers in engineering and science. In preparing the material for this book, the author has greatly benefited from discussions and collaboration with many colleagues who are concerned with finite difference or (and) finite element methods


1. Introduction -- 1.1. Preliminary remarks -- 1.2. Scope of monograph -- 1.3. Plan of monograph, comments -- 2. Boundary Value Problems and Irregular Networks -- 2.1. A class of elliptic problems -- 2.2. Irregular networks -- 2.3. Secondary networks and boxes -- 3. Construction of Finite Difference Approximations -- 3.1. The principle of approximation -- 3.2. Finite difference schemes via method (PB) -- 3.3. Finite difference schemes via method (MD) -- 4. Analytical and Matrix Properties of the Difference Operators Ah -- 4.1. General remarks and notations -- 4.2. Monotonicity and other matrix properties -- 4.3. Scalar products, norms and a trace theorem -- 4.4. Greenโ{128}{153}s formula, inequalities of Friedrichs-Poincarรฉ- type and the positive definiteness of Ah -- 4.5. A priori estimates for Ah using the W12- and C-norm -- 5. Error Estimates and Convergence -- 5.1. Error splitting and approaches to the error estimation -- 5.2. The error รฆ of the principal part of PB-operators -- 5.3. The error รฆ of the principal part of MD-operators -- 5.4. The error ?N for PB- MD-schemes -- 5.5. Convergence for W22(?)-solutions -- 6. Finite Difference Schemes for Nonsymmetric Problems -- 6.1. Construction of finite difference approximations -- 6.2. Properties of the difference operators $${\text{A}}_{{\text{h}}}̂{{\text{b}}}$$ -- 6.3. The error convection term -- 7. Concluding Remarks -- Appendices -- 1. Appendix DI: Relations of Differential and Integral calculus, norms -- 2. Appendix ES: Estimation of functionals on Sobolev spaces -- 3. Appendix EX: Extension of functions -- 4. Appendix GE: Some relations of geometry -- 5. Appendix IM: Imbedding and trace theorems -- 6. Appendix TR: Affine transformations of coordinates and functional -- References -- List of Figures -- Abbreviations -- Notations

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