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AuthorBak, Per. author
TitleHow Nature Works [electronic resource] : the science of self-organized criticality / by Per Bak
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Copernicus, 1996
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Descript XIII, 212 p. 36 illus., 9 illus. in color. online resource


and acknowledgments Self-organized criticality is a new way of viewing nature. The basic picture is one where nature is perpetually out of balance, but organized in a poised state-the critical state-where anything can happen within well-defined statistical laws. The aim of the science of self-organized criticality is to yield insight into the fundamental question of why nature is complex, not simple, as the laws of physics imply. Self-organized criticality explains some ubiquitous patterns existing in nature that we view as complex. Fractal structure and catastrophic events are among those regularities. Applications range from the study of pulsars and black holes to earthquakes and the evolution of life. One intriguing conseยญ quence of the theory is that catastrophes can occur for no reason whatsoever. Mass extinctions may take place without any external triggering mechanism such as a volcanic eruption or a meteorite hitting the earth (although the theยญ ory of course cannot rule out that this has in fact occurred). xu How Nature Works Since we first proposed the idea in 1987, more than 2,ooo papers have been written on self-organized criticality, making ours the most cited paper in physics during that period. How Nature Works is the first book to deal with the subject. The basic idea is simple, and most of the mathematical models that have been used in the implementation of the theory are not complicated


1 Complexity and Criticality -- 2 The Discovery of Self-Organized Criticality -- 3 The Sandpile Paradigm -- 4 Real Sandpiles and Landscape Formation -- 5 Earthquakes, Starquakes, and Solar Flares -- 6 The โ{128}{156}Game of Lifeโ{128}{157}: Complexity Is Criticality -- 7 Is Life a Self-Organized Critical Phenomenon? -- 8 Mass Extinctions and Punctuated Equilibria in a Simple Model of Evolution -- 9 Theory of the Punctuated Equilibrium Model -- 10 The Brain -- 11 On Economics and Traffic Jams

Mathematics Chemometrics Earth sciences Computer simulation Mathematical analysis Analysis (Mathematics) Biomathematics Statistical physics Dynamical systems Mathematics Analysis Statistical Physics Dynamical Systems and Complexity Simulation and Modeling Math. Applications in Chemistry Earth Sciences general Mathematical and Computational Biology


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