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TitleSocial History of Nineteenth Century Mathematics [electronic resource] / edited by Herbert Mehrtens, Henk Bos, Ivo Schneider
ImprintBoston, MA : Birkhรคuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhรคuser, 1981
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-9491-4
Descript XII, 301 p. online resource

SUMMARY

During the last few decades historians of science have shown a growing interest in science as a cultural activity and have regarded science more and more as part of the geneยญ ral developments that have occurred in society. This trend has been less evident arnong historians of mathematics, who traditionally concentrate primarily on tracing the developยญ ment of mathematical knowledge itself. To some degree this restriction is connected with the special role of mathematics compared with the other sciences; mathematics typifies the most objective, most coercive type of knowledge, and thereยญ fore seems to be least affected by social influences. Nevertheless, biography, institutional history and hisยญ tory of national developments have long been elements in the historiography of mathematics. This interest in the social aspects of mathematics has widened recently through the stuยญ dy of other themes, such as the relation of mathematics to the development of the educational system. Some scholars have begun to apply the methods of historical sociology of knowledge to mathematics; others have attempted to give a ix x Marxist analysis of the connection between mathematics and productive forces, and there have been philosophical studies about the communication processes involved in the production of mathematical knowledge. An interest in causal analyses of historical processes has led to the study of other factors influencing the development of mathematics, such as the f- mation of mathematical schools, the changes in the profes- onal situation of the mathematician and the general cultural milieu of the mathematical scientist


CONTENT

I Aspects of a Fundamental Change โ{128}{148} The Early Nineteenth Century -- Mathematics in the Early Part of the Nineteenth Century -- Origins of the Program of โ{128}{156}Arithmetization of Mathematicsโ{128}{157} -- Mathematics and Revolution from Lacroix to Cauchy -- II The Professionalization of Mathematics and Its Educational Context -- Forms of Professional Activity in Mathematics Before the Nineteenth Century -- The Conception of Pure Mathematics as an Instrument in the Professionalization of Mathematics -- Cambridge University and the Adoption of Analytics in Early Nineteenth-Century England -- A Survey of Factors Affecting the Teaching of Mathematics Outside the Universities in Britain in the Nineteenth Century -- Mathematics in a Unified Italy -- The Employment of Mathematicians in Insurance Companies in the Nineteenth Century -- III Individual Achievements in Social Context -- Hamilton and Peacock on the Essence of Algebra -- The Berlin School of Mathematics -- F. Schleiermacherโ{128}{153}s Influence on H. Grassmannโ{128}{153}s Mathematics -- Herbert Mehrtens -- Social History of Mathematics -- Select Bibliography -- Addresses of Authors


Mathematics History Mathematics History of Mathematical Sciences Mathematics general



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