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Author Washington, Lawrence C. author Introduction to Cyclotomic Fields [electronic resource] / by Lawrence C. Washington New York, NY : Springer US, 1982 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-0133-2 online resource

SUMMARY

This book grew. out of lectures given at the University of Maryland in 1979/1980. The purpose was to give a treatment of p-adic L-functions and cyclotomic fields, including Iwasawa's theory of Zp-extensions, which was accessible to mathematicians of varying backgrounds. The reader is assumed to have had at least one semester of algebraic number theory (though one of my students took such a course concurrently). In particular, the following terms should be familiar: Dedekind domain, class number, discriminant, units, ramification, local field. Occasionally one needs the fact that ramification can be computed locally. However, one who has a good background in algebra should be able to survive by talking to the local algebraic number theorist. I have not assumed class field theory; the basic facts are summarized in an appendix. For most of the book, one only needs the fact that the Galois group of the maximal unramified abelian extension is isomorphic to the ideal class group, and variants of this statement. The chapters are intended to be read consecutively, but it should be possible to vary the order considerably. The first four chapters are basic. After that, the reader willing to believe occasional facts could probably read the remaining chapters randomly. For example, the reader might skip directly to Chapter 13 to learn about Zp-extensions. The last chapter, on the Kronecker-Weber theorem, can be read after Chapter 2

CONTENT

1 Fermatโ{128}{153}s Last Theorem -- 2 Basic Results -- 3 Dirichlet Characters -- 4 Dirichlet L-series and Class Number Formulas -- 5 p-adic L-funetions and Bernoulli Numbers -- 5.1. p-adic functions -- 5.2. p-adic L-functions -- 5.3. Congruences -- 5.4. The value at s = 1 -- 5.5. Thep-adic regulator -- 5.6. Applications of the class number formula -- 6 Stickelbergerโ{128}{153}s Theorem -- 6.1. Gauss sums -- 6.2. Stickelbergerโ{128}{153}s theorem -- 6.3. Herbrandโ{128}{153}s theorem -- 6.4. The index of the Stiekelberger ideal -- 6.5. Fermatโ{128}{153}s Last Theorem -- 7 Iwasawaโ{128}{153}s Construction of p-adic L-functions -- 7.1. Group rings and power series -- 7.2. p-adic L-functions -- 7.3. Applications -- 7.4. Function fields -- 7.5. ? = 0 -- 8 Cyclotomic Units -- 8.1. Cyclotomic units -- 8.2. Proof of the p-adic class number formula -- 8.3. Units of ?(?p) and Vandiverโ{128}{153}s conjecture -- 8.4. p-adic expansions -- 9 The Second Case of Fermatโ{128}{153}s Last Theorem -- 9.1. The basic argument -- 9.2. The theorems -- 10 Galois Groups Acting on Ideal Class Groups -- 10.1. Some theorems on class groups -- 10.2. Reflection theorems -- 10.3. Consequences of Vandiverโ{128}{153}s conjecture -- 11 Cyclotomic Fields of Class Number One -- 11.1. The estimate for even characters -- 11.2. The estimate for all characters -- 11.3. The estimate for hm? -- 11.4. Odlyzkoโ{128}{153}s bounds on discriminants -- 11.5. Calculation of hm+ -- 12 Measures and Distributions -- 12.1. Distributions -- 12.2. Measures -- 12.3. Universal distributions -- 13 Iwasawaโ{128}{153}s Theory of ?p-extensions -- 13.1. Basic facts -- 13.2. The structure of ?-modules -- 13.3. Iwasawaโ{128}{153}s theorem -- 13.4. Consequences -- 13.5. The maximal abelian p-extension unramified outside p -- 13.6. The main conjecture -- 13.7. Logarithmic derivatives -- 13.8. Local units modulo cyclotomic units -- 14 The Kronecker-Weber Theorem -- Tables -- List of Symbols

Mathematics Number theory Mathematics Number Theory

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