Author | Kifer, Yuri. author |
---|---|

Title | Random Perturbations of Dynamical Systems [electronic resource] / by Yuri Kifer |

Imprint | Boston, MA : Birkhรคuser Boston, 1988 |

Connect to | http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-8181-9 |

Descript | VIII, 294 p. online resource |

SUMMARY

Mathematicians often face the question to which extent mathematical models describe processes of the real world. These models are derived from experimental data, hence they describe real phenomena only approximately. Thus a mathematical approach must begin with choosing properties which are not very sensitive to small changes in the model, and so may be viewed as properties of the real process. In particular, this concerns real processes which can be described by means of ordinary differential equations. By this reason different notions of stability played an important role in the qualitative theory of ordinary differential equations commonly known nowdays as the theory of dynamical systems. Since physical processes are usually affected by an enormous number of small external fluctuations whose resulting action would be natural to consider as random, the stability of dynamical systems with respect to random perturbations comes into the picture. There are differences between the study of stability properties of single trajectories, i. e. , the Lyapunov stability, and the global stability of dynamical systems. The stochastic Lyapunov stability was dealt with in Hasminskii [Has]. In this book we are concerned mainly with questions of global stability in the presence of noise which can be described as recovering parameters of dynamical systems from the study of their random perturbations. The parameters which is possible to obtain in this way can be considered as stable under random perturbations, and so having physical sense. -1- Our set up is the following

CONTENT

I. General analysis of random perturbations -- 1.1. Convergence of invariant measures -- 1.2. Entropy via random perturbations: generalities -- 1.3. Locating invariant sets -- 1.4. Attractors and limiting measures -- 1.5. Attractors and limiting measures via large deviations -- II. Random perturbations of hyperbolic and expanding transformations -- 2.1. Preliminaries -- 2.2. Markov chains in tangent bundles -- 2.3. Hyperbolic and expanding transformations -- 2.4. Limiting measures -- 2.5. Sinai-Bowen-Ruelleโ{128}{153}s measures. Discussion. -- 2.6. Entropy via random perturbations -- 2.7. Stability of the topological pressure -- 2.8. Appendix: proof of (1.12) -- III. Applications to partial differential equations -- 3.1. Principal eigenvalue and invariant sets -- 3.2. Localization theorem -- 3.3. Random perturbations and spectrum -- IV. Random perturbations of some special models -- 4.1. Random perturbations of one-dimensional transformations -- 4.2. Misiurewiczโ{128}{153}s maps of an interval -- 4.3. Lorenzโ{128}{153}s type models

Mathematics
Dynamics
Ergodic theory
Partial differential equations
Probabilities
Physics
Continuum physics
Statistical physics
Dynamical systems
Mathematics
Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes
Mathematical Methods in Physics
Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory
Statistical Physics Dynamical Systems and Complexity
Classical Continuum Physics
Partial Differential Equations