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AuthorOwen, David R. author
TitleA First Course in the Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics [electronic resource] / by David R. Owen
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York, 1984
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-9505-8
Descript 134 p. online resource

SUMMARY

Research in the past thirty years on the foundations of thermodynamics has led not only to a better understanding of the early developments of the subject but also to formulations of the First and Second Laws that permit both a rigorous analysis of the consequences of these laws and a substantial broadening of the class of systems to which the laws can fruitfully be applied. Moreover, modem formulations of the laws of thermodynamics have now achieved logically parallel forms at a level accessible to underยญ graduate students in science and engineering who have completed the standard calculus sequence and who wish to understand the role which mathematics can play in scientific inquiry. My goal in writing this book is to make some of the modem developยญ ments in thermodyamics available to readers with the background and orientation just mentioned and to present this material in the form of a text suitable for a one-semester junior-level course. Most of this presentation is taken from notes that I assembled while teaching such a course on two occasions. I found that, aside from a brief review of line integrals and exact differentials in two dimensions and a short discussion of infima and suprema of sets of real numbers, juniors (and even some mature sophomores) had sufficient mathematical background to handle the subject matter. Many of the students whom I taught had very limited experience with formal and rigorous mathematical exposition


CONTENT

I Classical Thermodynamicsl -- 1. Homogeneous Fluid Bodies -- 2. The First Law; Energy -- 3. The Second Law; Entropy -- 4. A General Efficiency Estimate -- II Systems with Perfect Accessibility -- 1. Definition and Example -- 2. Actions -- III A Modern Treatment of the First Law -- 1. Thermodynamical Systems (1) and the First Law -- 2. Products of Systems and Preservation of the First Law -- 3. The First Law and Jouleโ{128}{153}s Relation -- IV A Modern Treatment of the Second Law -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Hotness Levels and Temperature Scales -- 3. The Accumulation Function for an Ideal Gas -- 4. Thermodynamical Systems (2) and the Second Law -- 5. Products of Systems and Preservation of the Second Law -- 6. The Second Law and the Accumulation Inequality -- 7. Estimates for Heat Absorbed and Heat Emitted -- V Energy and Entropy for Thermodynamical Systems -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Actions with the Clausius Property -- 3. Actions with the Conservation Property -- 4. Actions with the Dissipation Property -- VI Isothermal Processes of Homogeneous Filaments -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Elastic Filaments -- 3. Viscous Filaments -- 4. Elastic-Perfectly Plastic Filaments -- 5. Phase Transitions in Elastic and Viscous Filaments -- VII Homogeneous Bodies with Viscosity -- 1. Bodies with Viscosity as Thermodynamical Systems -- 2. Consequences of the First Law -- 3. Consequences of the Second Law -- Comments and Suggestions for Further Reading -- Problems


Physics Statistical physics Dynamical systems Physics Statistical Physics Dynamical Systems and Complexity



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