Author | Samelson, Hans. author |
---|---|

Title | Notes on Lie Algebras [electronic resource] / by Hans Samelson |

Imprint | New York, NY : Springer New York, 1990 |

Connect to | http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-9014-5 |

Descript | XII, 162 p. 3 illus. online resource |

SUMMARY

(Cartan sub Lie algebra, roots, Weyl group, Dynkin diagram, . . . ) and the classification, as found by Killing and Cartan (the list of all semisimple Lie algebras consists of (1) the special- linear ones, i. e. all matrices (of any fixed dimension) with trace 0, (2) the orthogonal ones, i. e. all skewsymmetric maยญ trices (of any fixed dimension), (3) the symplectic ones, i. e. all matrices M (of any fixed even dimension) that satisfy M J = - J MT with a certain non-degenerate skewsymmetric matrix J, and (4) five special Lie algebras G2, F , E , E , E , of dimensions 14,52,78,133,248, the "exceptional Lie 4 6 7 s algebras" , that just somehow appear in the process). There is also a discusยญ sion of the compact form and other real forms of a (complex) semisimple Lie algebra, and a section on automorphisms. The third chapter brings the theory of the finite dimensional representations of a semisimple Lie algeยญ bra, with the highest or extreme weight as central notion. The proof for the existence of representations is an ad hoc version of the present standard proof, but avoids explicit use of the Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt theorem. Complete reducibility is proved, as usual, with J. H. C. Whitehead's proof (the first proof, by H. Weyl, was analytical-topological and used the exisยญ tence of a compact form of the group in question). Then come H

CONTENT

1 Generalities -- 1.1 Basic definitions, examples -- 1.2 Structure constants -- 1.3 Relations with Lie groups -- 1.4 Elementary algebraic concepts -- 1.5 Representations; the Killing form -- 1.6 Solvable and nilpotent -- 1.7 Engelโ{128}{153}s theorem -- 1.8 Lieโ{128}{153}s theorem -- 1.9 Cartanโ{128}{153}s first criterion -- 1.10 Cartanโ{128}{153}s second criterion -- 1.11 Representations of A1 -- 1.12 Complete reduction for A1 -- 2 Structure Theory -- 2.1 Cartan subalgebra -- 2.2 Roots -- 2.3 Roots for semisimple g -- 2.4 Strings -- 2.5 Cartan integers -- 2.6 Root systems, Weyl group -- 2.7 Root systems of rank two -- 2.8 Weyl-Chevalley normal form, first stage -- 2.9 Weyl-Chevalley normal form -- 2.10 Compact form -- 2.11 Properties of root systems -- 2.12 Fundamental systems -- 2.13 Classification of fundamental systems -- 2.14 The simple Lie algebras -- 2.15 Automorphisms -- 3 Representations -- 3.1 The Cartan-Stiefel diagram -- 3.2 Weights and weight vectors -- 3.3 Uniqueness and existence -- 3.4 Complete reduction -- 3.5 Cartan semigroup; representation ring -- 3.6 The simple Lie algebras -- 3.7 The Weyl character formula -- 3.8 Some consequences of the character formula -- 3.9 Examples -- 3.10 The character ring -- 3.11 Orthogonal and symplectic representations -- References -- Symbol Index

Mathematics
Topological groups
Lie groups
Mathematics
Topological Groups Lie Groups