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AuthorLongford, Nicholas T. author
TitleModels for Uncertainty in Educational Testing [electronic resource] / by Nicholas T. Longford
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York, 1995
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-8463-2
Descript XIV, 285 p. online resource

SUMMARY

A theme running through this book is that of making inference about sources of variation or uncertainty, and the author shows how information about these sources can be used for improved estimation of certain elementary quantities. Amongst the topics covered are: essay rating, summarizing item-level properties, equating of tests, small-area estimation, and incomplete longitudinal studies. Throughout, examples are given using real data sets which exemplify these applications


CONTENT

1 Inference about variation -- 1.1 Imperfection and variation -- 1.2 Educational measurement and testing -- 1.3 Statistical context -- 2 Reliability of essay rating -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Models -- 2.3 Estimation -- 2.4 Extensions -- 2.5 Diagnostic procedures -- 2.6 Examples -- 2.7 Standard errors -- 2.8 Summary -- 2.9 Literature review -- 3 Adjusting subjectively rated scores -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Estimating severity -- 3.3 Examinee-specific shrinkage -- 3.4 General scheme -- 3.5 More diagnostics -- 3.6 Examples -- 3.7 Estimating linear combinations of true scores -- 3.8 Summary -- Appendix. Derivation of MSE for the general adjustment scheme -- 4 Rating several essays -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Models -- 4.3 Estimation -- 4.4 Application -- 4.5 Choice of essay topics -- 4.6 Summary -- 5 Summarizing item-level properties -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Differential item functioning -- 5.3 DIF variance -- 5.4 Estimation -- 5.5 Examples -- 5.6 Shrinkage estimation of DIF coefficients -- 5.7 Model criticism and diagnostics -- 5.8 Multiple administrations -- 5.9 Conclusion -- 6 Equating and equivalence of tests -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Equivalent scores -- 6.3 Estimation -- 6.4 Application -- 6.5 Summary -- 7 Inference from surveys with complex sampling design -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Sampling design -- 7.3 Proficiency scores -- 7.4 Jackknife -- 7.5 Model-based method -- 7.6 Examples -- 7.7 Estimating proportions -- 7.8 Regression with survey data -- 7.9 Estimating many subpopulation means -- 7.10 Jackknife and model-based estimators -- 7.11 Summary -- 8 Small-area estimation -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Shrinkage estimation -- 8.3 Regression with survey data -- 8.4 Fitting two-level regression -- 8.5 Small-area mean prediction -- 8.6 Selection of covariates -- 8.7 Application -- 8.8 Summary and literature review -- 9 Cut scores for pass/fail decisions -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Models -- 9.3 Fitting logistic regression -- 9.4 Examples -- 9.5 Summary -- 10 Incomplete longitudinal data -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Informative missingness -- 10.3 Longitudinal analysis -- 10.4 EM algorithm -- 10.5 Application -- 10.6 Estimation -- 10.7 Summary -- References


Social sciences Education Statistics Social Sciences Methodology of the Social Sciences Statistics for Social Science Behavorial Science Education Public Policy and Law Education general



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